1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Tectona L.f.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Asia.

    [LKGF]

    Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

    Habit
    Large trees
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, opposite, rarely alternate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a terminal and/or axillary, dichotomous, cymose panicle
    Flowers
    Flower yellowish to white
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, 5-7-lobed, lobes unequal, greatly increasing during fruiting (inflated in some species)
    Corolla
    Corolla infundibular, actinomorphic, 5-7-lobed, lobes subequal, corolla-tube short
    Stamens
    Stamens 5-6, epipetalous, shortly exserted, equal in length
    Anthers
    Anthers ovate or elliptic-oblong, dorsifixed, thecae parallel, opening by longitudinal slits
    Pollen
    Pollen 3-colpate
    Style
    Style terminal
    Stigma
    Stigma-lobes shortly bifid, with branches subequal
    Ovary
    Ovary 2-carpellate, 4-locular, each locule 1-ovulate
    Ovules
    Ovules lateral, hemianatropous
    Fruits
    Fruit drupaceous, enclosed in enlarged persistent calyx, with thin subfleshy exocarp, a hard 4-celled endocarp with small central cavity between cells
    Seeds
    Seeds exalbuminous.
    Note
    2n = 36.  Four species
    Distribution
    India and Southeastern Asia. Introduced to West Tropical Africa, China, Western Pacific, Mexico and the Caribbean

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Belize, Benin, Cabinda, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Gambia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Honduras, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Panamá, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

    Tectona L.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Suppl. Pl.: 151 (1781)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
    • Jatus Rumph. ex Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 508 (1891).
    • Nautea Noronha, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 5(4): 3 (1790).
    • Tectona L.f., Suppl. Pl. 20: 151 (1781).
    • Theka Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 445 (1763).

    Sources

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0