1. Family: Campanulaceae Juss.
    1. Wahlenbergia Schrad. ex Roth

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to SW. Pacific, Colombia to S. South America.

    [FZ]

    Campanulaceae, M. Thulin. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, subshrubs or small shrubs.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or rarely opposite, mostly sessile, simple, entire, dentate or rarely lobed or incised.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences panicle–, raceme–, spike– or head–like, or flowers solitary.
    Calyx
    Calyx–lobes (3–) 5.
    Corolla
    Corolla ± deeply (3–) 5–lobed, or split almost to the base, ± pubescent inside near the base, rarely with long, slender hairs in the corolla–tube (but not in the F.Z. area).
    Stamens
    Stamens (3–) 5, free; filament–bases variously dilated or linear, usually ciliate.
    Pistil
    Ovary subinferior to rarely subsuperior, 2–5–lo.cular; ovules many; style shorter or longer than the corolla, the upper part with pollen–collecting hairs, glabrous or hairy below, eglandular or with small glands present at or near the base of the 2–5 style–lobes.
    Fruits
    Capsule loculicidal, dehiscing by as many apical valves as there are loculi in the ovary.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, ± elliptic in outline; testa smooth or variously reticulate.
    Distribution
    Some 200 species, mainly distributed in the southern hemisphere, especially abundant in S. Africa.
    [FTEA]

    Campanulaceae, Mats Thulin (University of Uppsala). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, subshrubs or small shrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or rarely opposite, mostly sessile, simple, entire, dentate or rarely lobed or incised (but not in East Africa)
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences panicle-, raceme-, spike- or head-like, or flowers solitary
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes (3–)5
    Corolla
    Corolla ± deeply (3–)5-lobed, or split almost to the base, ± pubescent inside near the base, rarely with long slender hairs in the corolla-tube (but not in East Africa)
    Stamens
    Stamens (3–)5, free; filament-bases variously dilated or linear, usually ciliate
    Pistil
    Ovary subinferior to rarely subsuperior, 2–5-locular; ovules many; style shorter or longer than the corolla, the upper part with pollen-collecting hairs, glabrous or hairy below, eglandular or with small glands present at or near the base of the 2–5 style-lobes
    Fruits
    Capsule loculicidal, dehiscing by as many apical valves as there are loculi in the ovary
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, ± elliptic in outline; testa smooth or variously reticulate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile South, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kazan-retto, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Senegal, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tanzania, Tasmania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Tunisia, Uganda, Uganda, Uruguay, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Arkansas, Ascension, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas

    Wahlenbergia Schrad. ex Roth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Melville, R. [5622A], New Zealand 36890.000
    Melville, R. [5425], New Zealand 36905.000
    Melville, R. [5564], New Zealand 36915.000
    Harley, R.M. [19041], Brazil K001047503
    Melville, E.F. [5970], New Zealand 36962.000
    Milne-Redheat, E. [8672], Tanzania 38396.000
    Hedberg, O. [93146], Cameroon K000087414
    Giulietti, A.M. [13679], Brazil K001047502
    Mosén [924], Brazil K001047505
    Glaziou, A. [17576], Brazil K001047504

    First published in Nov. Pl. Sp.: 399 (1821)

    Accepted by

    • Lammers, T.G. (2007). World checklist and bibliography of Campanulaceae: 1-675. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • von Brehmer in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 53: 9 (1915). Nom. cons.
    • —F.T.A. 3: 477
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Thulin in Symb. Bot. Ups. 21, 1: 70 (1975).
    • von Brehmer in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 53: 9–143 (1915).
    • Nov. Pl. Sp.: 399 (1821) nom. conserv.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Thulin in Symb. Bot. Upsal. 21(1) (1975), nom. conserv.
    • v. Brehm. in E.J. 53: 9–143 (1915)
    • Nov. Pl. Sp.: 399 (1821)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/