1. Family: Rhamnaceae Juss.
    1. Phylica L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Africa, St. Helena, W. Indian Ocean, Subantarctic Islands.

    [FZ]

    Rhamnaceae, R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Shrublets, shrubs or small trees.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, simple, shortly petiolate; lamina with margins usually revolute; stipules absent (except in one species outside our area).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a spike, raceme or capitulum, or with flowers axillary and solitary.
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle campanulate, urceolate, cylindric, obconic or terete, 5-angled.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, erect or spreading, variously shaped, often with a prominent median vein within.
    Corolla
    Petals 5 (or absent), small, cucullate, unguiculate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, inserted below the petals; anthers 1–2-thecous.
    Disc
    Disk usually distinct and lining the receptacle or fleshy almost filling the receptacle.
    Pistil
    Ovary inferior, 3-locular; ovules 1 in each loculus; style simple; stigma minutely 3-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruit a capsule, mostly crowned with the persistent calyx.
    Seeds
    Seeds somewhat 3-sided; funicle dilated into a lobed aril embracing the base of the seed.
    [FTEA]

    Rhamnaceae, Marshall C. Johnston (University of Texas Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1972

    Habit
    Shrubs (or small trees but not in East Africa), often in parts densely pubescent, often ericoid, with stiff erect branches and numerous stiff crowded leaves
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate (to nearly sessile but not in East Africa); blade-margins usually strongly revolute and entire or if toothed the toothing rolled out of sight
    Stipules
    Stipules absent (present in a South African species)
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual, regular, 5-merous, in tight head-like clusters (contracted thyrses) or in more expanded sometimes raceme-like thyrses (but not in East Africa), the heads often with extremely pubescent bracts
    Nectaries
    Cup variously bell-shaped or cylindrical, either only slightly or much surpassing the ovary
    Calyx
    Sepals 5
    Corolla
    Petals 5 (or absent but not in East Africa), cucullate or merely concave
    Stamens
    Stamens 5
    Disc
    Disk very variable, usually thickened around the top of the ovary where it is free from the cup
    Pistil
    Ovary inferior at all stages, 3-celled, often top-shaped, less commonly cylindrical; style simple with 3 minute stigmatic lobes
    Fruits
    Fruit a dryish schizocarpous capsule, tardily separating into the 3 mericarps each of which liberates its seed through a ventral cleft
    Seeds
    Seed with a lobed structure embracing the base, this often called an “aril”.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Réunion, St.Helena, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tristan da Cunha, Zimbabwe

    Phylica L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 195 (1753)

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 90 (1754) (“Philyca”).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 195 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pillans in Journ. S. Afr. Bot. 8: 1–464 (1942)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 90 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 195 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0