1. Family: Eriocaulaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Eriocaulon L.
      1. Eriocaulon cinereum R.Br.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. Australia.

    [FTEA]

    Eriocaulaceae, Sylvia Phillips. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

    Habit
    Small tufted annual.
    Leaves
    Leaves narrowly linear to acicular, setaceous-tipped, forming a neat dense cluster, 1–3 cm. long, 0.2–2 mm. wide, fenestrate.
    Scape
    Scapes slender, straight, often numerous, 4–13 cm. high, 5-ribbed; sheaths ± equalling the leaves, subinflated, the mouth scarious, shortly obliquely slit.
    Capitulum
    Capitulum globose to ovoid, 2–4 mm. diameter, grey- and straw-coloured or becoming darker, the bracts very loosely erect; involucral bracts as long as the capitulum, obovate-oblong, rounded becoming lacerate, ascending, pallid, scarious becoming tougher downwards; floral bracts lanceolate-oblong, thinly scarious, pale with a dark central band or sometimes blackish, glabrous or a few inner lightly keeled with fine sparse hairs on the keel; receptacle thinly pilose; flowers trimerous, pedicellate.
    Male
    Male flowers:sepals connate into a spathe with tridentate tip, dark grey, glabrous; petals included within the calyx, tiny; anthers white, 0.1 mm.long.
    Flowers
    Female flowers much reduced and consisting mostly of the gynoecium:sepals 3, 2 or absent, filiform, caducous; petals absent, their position indicated by a node on the ovary stipe. Male flowers:sepals connate into a spathe with tridentate tip, dark grey, glabrous; petals included within the calyx, tiny; anthers white, 0.1 mm.long.
    Female
    Female flowers much reduced and consisting mostly of the gynoecium:sepals 3, 2 or absent, filiform, caducous; petals absent, their position indicated by a node on the ovary stipe.
    Seeds
    Seeds 0.3 mm. long, light brown, glossy, faintly reticulate.
    Habitat
    Drying pool margins and seepages in lowland areas; sea-level–1000 m.
    Distribution
    scattered localities in West Africa from Senegal to Chad and in southern tropical Africa, but probably not native in AfricaIndia to China, Japan, southeast Asia and Australiaintroduced to warm areas elsewhere as a weed of rice cultivation T1 T6 T8
    [FWTA]

    Eriocaulaceae, R. D. Meikle. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

    Scape
    Scapes slender, usually less than 4 in. high
    Leaves
    Leaves numerous, setaceous
    Inflorescences
    Capitula small, about 2·4-3 mm. diam., brownish or fuscescent.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Botswana, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Korea, Laos, Mali, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Niger, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Bolivia, Brazil West-Central, California, Italy, Louisiana, Venezuela

    Eriocaulon cinereum R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 2012 Giulietti, A.M. [2485], Brazil K000887127
    Jan 1, 2006 Secco, R.S. [238], Brazil K000887130
    Jan 1, 2006 Secco, R.S. [192], Brazil K000887131
    Jul 1, 2005 Ule, E. [7667], Brazil K000887129
    Dec 1, 2003 Harley, R.M. [21431], Bahia K000292973
    Dec 1, 2003 Carvalho, A.M. [223], Bahia K000292924
    Jan 1, 1966 Jaeger, P. [6], Mali K000211813
    Jan 1, 1966 Wailly, M. de [5006], Mali K000211812
    Schinz, H. [859], Namibia K000346191 Unknown type material
    Heudelot [677] K000346108
    Heudelot [678] K000346109
    Raynal-Roques, A. [22508], Mali K000211810
    Mueller, F.J.H. von [s.n.], Australia K001056250
    Wailly, M. de [5002], Mali K000211811
    Ford, C. [74], Hong Kong Eriocaulon sieboldianum K000873527
    Wilford, C. [s.n.], Hong Kong Eriocaulon sieboldianum K000873525
    Wilford, C. [293], China Eriocaulon sieboldianum K000873529
    Henry, A. [s.n.], Hubei Eriocaulon sieboldianum K000873528
    Wright, C. [552], Hong Kong Eriocaulon sieboldianum K000873526 holotype

    First published in Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 254 (1810)

    Accepted by

    • Santisuk, T. & Balslev, H. (eds.) (2017). Flora of Thailand 13(3): 429-556. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (2016). Flora of Japan IVb: 1-335. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Phillips, S.M. (2011). Flore du Cameroun 38: 1-35. Ministère de l'enseignement supérieur et de la recherche scientifique (Mesres), Yaoundé.
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(4): 1-151. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Zhang, Z. (1999). Monographie der gattung Eriocaulon in Ostasien Dissertationes Botanicae 313: 1-289.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Prodr. 254 (1810).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Phillips, S.M. (2011). Flore du Cameroun 38: 1-35. Ministère de l'enseignement supérieur et de la recherche scientifique (Mesres), Yaoundé.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Oberm. in Flora of Southern Africa 4(2): 11, fig. 2/2 (1985).
    • Meikle in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 63, fig. 337/21 (1968).
    • R. Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl.: 254 (1810).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/