1. Family: Anisophylleaceae Ridl.
    1. Anisophyllea R.Br. ex Sabine

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics.

    [FZ]

    Rhizophoraceae, A. R. Torre & A. E. Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Undershrubs, shrubs or trees, usually glabrous, with young shoots often pubescent or pilose, without aerial roots.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate, exstipulate, often with alternating reduced stipuliform leaves; leaf-lamina usually ± elliptic, entire, often inequilateral, with 2–6 lateral nerves curving up from near the base and soon becoming subparallel, leathery to papery, mostly ± glabrous with age.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences many-flowered, spike-like, racemose or paniculate, axillary or supra-axillary, solitary or serial, ± slender, ebracteate or with minute, brownish, pubescent, soon caducous bracts.
    Flowers
    Flowers small, unisexual, polygamous or more usually bisexual, sessile.
    Calyx
    Calyx pilose; calyx-tube campanulate, adnate to the ovary; calyx-lobes (3)4–5(7), ± deltate, acute at the apex, ± erect.
    Corolla
    Petals scarcely longer than the calyx-lobes, lobed or laciniate (rarely entire), involute, inserted at the mouth of the calyx-tube.
    Disc
    Disk obscure, crenulate or lobed.
    Stamens
    Stamens twice as many as the petals, inserted at the mouth of the calyx-tube or sometimes the epipetalous ones adnate to the basal parts of the petals; filaments short, usually unequal in length, subulate or narrowly linear; anthers small, ellipsoid or ovoid, didymous.
    Pistil
    Ovary inferior, (3)4(8)-locular, each locule 1-ovulate; styles (3)4(8), short, subulate, ± thickened below, erect or recurved, ± free, arising from the epigynous disk.
    Fruits
    Fruit an ellipsoid to pyriform drupe, smooth or ridged, usually 1-locular and 1-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seed with a leathery testa; albumen thick and hard; embryo linear or slightly fusiform, longitudinally embedded in the seed; cotyledons minute or absent; endosperm absent.
    [FTEA]

    Rhizophoraceae, John Lewis. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

    Habit
    Trees, shrubs and subshrubs; individuals bearing leaves of more than one distinct size but not (in our area) very unlike in shape
    Leaves
    Leaves of the larger sort alternate, shortly petiolate, entire, exstipulate, usually ± elliptic, usually glabrous at maturity, usually with 2–6 lateral nerves curving up from near the base to become subparallel
    Flowers
    Flowers small, numerous, in spikes
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes (? 3–) 4–5, ± triangular-deltoid, ± erect
    Corolla
    Petals 4–5
    Stamens
    Stamens twice as many as the calyx-lobes; anthers didymous
    Pistil
    Ovary inferior; styles 4–5 (–8), ± thickened below; ovules solitary in each cell
    Fruits
    Fruit a ± oblong drupe
    Seeds
    Endosperm absent.
    Note
    The species known from our area also have the following characters in common:Leaves usually narrowly to broadly elliptic or lanceolate, more rarely ovate or rotund. Calyx-lobes 4 (–7), glabrous within. Petals 4 (–6), divided above. Stamens 8 (–12), with ± raised ± convoluted or muricate glands between their bases. Styles 4 (–5).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Borneo, Brazil North, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Colombia, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Nigeria, Peru, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tanzania, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre

    Anisophyllea R.Br. ex Sabine appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Brenan, J.P.M. [9086], Nigeria 12266.000

    First published in Trans. Hort. Soc. London 5: 446 (1824)

    Accepted by

    • Chen, X., He, H. & Zhang, L.B. (2015). A monograph of the Anisophylleaceae (Cucurbitales) with description of 18 new species of Anisophyllea Phytotaxa 229(1): 1-189.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 2: 412.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Benth. & Hook., Gen. Pl. 1: 683 (1865).
    • in Trans. Hort. Soc. 5: 446 (1824).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in Trans. Hort. Soc. 5: 446 (1824)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0