1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Acalypha L.
      1. Acalypha caperonioides Baill.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    A perennial herb up to 40 cm high, from a branched rhizome system associated with a fist-sized woody rootstock; stems few–many, usually simple, sparingly pubescent to villous.
    Petiole
    Petioles 1–2 mm long, or leaves subsessile.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf blades 1.5–6 × 1–2 cm, ovate to elliptic-ovate or ovate-lanceolate, acute or obtuse at the apex, sharply and coarsely serrate on the margin, rounded to shallowly cordate at the base, firmly chartaceous to thinly coriaceous, 3–7-nerved from the base, sparingly pubescent and hirsute with bulbous-based hairs on both surfaces; lateral nerves in 1–3 pairs, ascending, slightly prominent beneath, ± so above.
    Stipules
    Stipules 2–4 mm long, linear to narrowly-oblong.
    Note
    Plants dioecious, rarely monoecious.
    Male
    Male racemes up to 13 cm long, axillary, solitary, densely flowered on a peduncle up to 7 cm long; bracts resembling the stipules. Male flowers: pedicels c. 1 mm long; buds depressed, 4-lobed, sparingly puberulous, reddish-brown; stamens 5–7, anthers white.
    Inflorescences
    Female spikes terminal, up to 4 × 3 cm in fruit; bracts few, up to 2 × 1.2 cm in fruit, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, dentate with up to 5 narrowly lanceolate teeth on each side, foliaceous, up to 11-nerved from the base, sparingly hirsute with bulbous-based hairs and sometimes with a few stipitate or sessile glands along the nerves abaxially, 1-flowered. Male racemes up to 13 cm long, axillary, solitary, densely flowered on a peduncle up to 7 cm long; bracts resembling the stipules.
    Female
    Female spikes terminal, up to 4 × 3 cm in fruit; bracts few, up to 2 × 1.2 cm in fruit, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, dentate with up to 5 narrowly lanceolate teeth on each side, foliaceous, up to 11-nerved from the base, sparingly hirsute with bulbous-based hairs and sometimes with a few stipitate or sessile glands along the nerves abaxially, 1-flowered. Female flowers sessile; sepals ovate-lanceolate, acute, ciliate; ovary c. 1 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, with stipitate glands and a few bulbous-based hairs towards the apex; styles 2–3 cm long, united in the lower sixth to one-quarter, the style arms very sparingly fimbriate, crimson.
    Flowers
    Female flowers sessile; sepals ovate-lanceolate, acute, ciliate; ovary c. 1 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, with stipitate glands and a few bulbous-based hairs towards the apex; styles 2–3 cm long, united in the lower sixth to one-quarter, the style arms very sparingly fimbriate, crimson. Male flowers: pedicels c. 1 mm long; buds depressed, 4-lobed, sparingly puberulous, reddish-brown; stamens 5–7, anthers white.
    Fruits
    Fruits 3 × 4 mm, 3-lobed, sparingly stipitate-glandular, reddish.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 3 × 2 mm, ovoid-subglobose, brownish-grey, with a small yellowish caruncle.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

    Acalypha caperonioides Baill. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 6, 1962 Kuntze [5553], South Africa K000431119 Unknown type material
    Wallich [1521], South Africa K000431118 Unknown type material

    First published in Adansonia 3: 157 (1863)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0