1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Acalypha L.
      1. Acalypha chirindica S.Moore

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    A much-branched pubescent or pilose shrub (1–)2–3(–4.5) m. tall.
    Leaves
    Petioles 2–5(–15) mm. long; leaf-blade elliptic-ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, 3–7(–11) cm. long, (1–)2–3(–5) cm. wide, acutely or subacutely long-acuminate, often mucronulate, usually narrowed to an obliquely rounded or shallowly cordate base, crenate, remotely serrulate or coarsely serrate, firmly membranous, pinnately nerved, lateral nerves 5–7 pairs, sparingly pubescent or pilose above and beneath, more evenly so on the midrib and main nerves beneath.
    Stipules
    Stipules ovate-lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 3–5(–12) mm. long, long-acuminate, pubescent without, ciliate, chestnut-brown.
    Male
    Male flowers shortly pedicellate; buds 4-gonous, 0.4 mm. diameter, pubescent, reddish tinged. Male racemes solitary, axillary, usually on the short lateral branches, sometimes toward the apex of a main shoot, 4–6.5 cm. long, not pedunculate; bracts 0.5 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Female inflorescences spicate, solitary, terminal on both the lateral branches and main shoots, cylindric, (1–)3–5 cm. long, 1 cm. wide, shortly pedunculate; bracts multifid, the segments triangular-lanceolate, 2–3 mm. long, setose-pilose, eglandular, purple tinged, 1-flowered. Male racemes solitary, axillary, usually on the short lateral branches, sometimes toward the apex of a main shoot, 4–6.5 cm. long, not pedunculate; bracts 0.5 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Female flowers ± sessile; sepals 3, ovate, ± 1 mm. long, pubescent; ovary subtrilobed, 1.2 mm. diameter, densely pubescent; styles free, slender, 5 mm. long, pectinate, sparingly pubescent, crimson. Male flowers shortly pedicellate; buds 4-gonous, 0.4 mm. diameter, pubescent, reddish tinged.
    Female
    Female flowers ± sessile; sepals 3, ovate, ± 1 mm. long, pubescent; ovary subtrilobed, 1.2 mm. diameter, densely pubescent; styles free, slender, 5 mm. long, pectinate, sparingly pubescent, crimson. Female inflorescences spicate, solitary, terminal on both the lateral branches and main shoots, cylindric, (1–)3–5 cm. long, 1 cm. wide, shortly pedunculate; bracts multifid, the segments triangular-lanceolate, 2–3 mm. long, setose-pilose, eglandular, purple tinged, 1-flowered.
    Fruits
    Fruits trilobate, 1.5–2 mm. long, 2.5 mm. diameter, evenly pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid-subglobose, 1.8 mm. long, 1.4 mm. wide, smooth, dark purplish grey, ecarunculate.
    Habitat
    In deciduous woodland thicket and evergreen forest, on rocky hills, riverine and in secondary associations; (275–)500–1450 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    A deciduous, much-branched, straggling or scrambling, slender-stemmed shrub or small tree up to 5 m tall, pubescent or pilose; branches over-arching and pendent.
    Petiole
    Petioles 2–10(25) mm long.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf blades 3–13(15) × 1–5(8) cm, ovate-lanceolate to asymmetrically rhombic-lanceolate, acuminate at the apex, tapered to a narrowly cordate base, crenate-serrate on the margin, sometimes subentire towards the base, firmly membranous, 3–5-nerved from the base, sparingly pubescent or pilose on both surfaces and more evenly so on the midrib and main nerves beneath, pale to mid green; lateral nerves in 5–7 pairs.
    Stipules
    Stipules 2–9 mm long, linear-lanceolate, long-acuminate, chestnut-brown.
    Note
    Plants monoecious.
    Male
    Male racemes 5–6 cm long, axillary, solitary, scarcely pedunculate, sometimes galled. Male flowers: pedicels 0.5 mm long; buds tetragonal, pubescent, greenish- or reddish-brown; anthers cream-coloured.
    Inflorescences
    Female spikes 2–7 × 1 cm, terminal, cylindric, on a peduncle up to 7 mm long; bracts accrescent to 6–12 × 7–13 mm, transversely-ovate, pilose, eglandular, green, 1-flowered, 7–17-toothed, the teeth narrowly lanceolate, c. one-third to half the length of the bract. Male racemes 5–6 cm long, axillary, solitary, scarcely pedunculate, sometimes galled.
    Female
    Female spikes 2–7 × 1 cm, terminal, cylindric, on a peduncle up to 7 mm long; bracts accrescent to 6–12 × 7–13 mm, transversely-ovate, pilose, eglandular, green, 1-flowered, 7–17-toothed, the teeth narrowly lanceolate, c. one-third to half the length of the bract. Female flowers ± sessile; sepals 3, c. 1 mm long, ovate, pubescent; ovary c. 1 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, densely pubescent; styles free, 5 mm long, laciniate, crimson to maroon.
    Flowers
    Female flowers ± sessile; sepals 3, c. 1 mm long, ovate, pubescent; ovary c. 1 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, densely pubescent; styles free, 5 mm long, laciniate, crimson to maroon. Male flowers: pedicels 0.5 mm long; buds tetragonal, pubescent, greenish- or reddish-brown; anthers cream-coloured.
    Fruits
    Fruits 1.5–2 × 2.5 mm, 3-lobed, pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1.8 × 1.4 mm, ovoid, ± smooth, purplish-grey.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Acalypha chirindica S.Moore appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 5, 1978 Vollesen, K.B. [MRC4773], Tanzania K000452438
    Greenway, P.J. [1195], Tanzania K000452432
    Lawton, R.M. [2220], Tanzania K000452430
    Burtt, B.D. [108], Tanzania K000452433
    Robertson, S.A. [504], Tanzania K000452437
    Procter, J.E.A. [585], Tanzania K000452429
    Haerdi, F. [340OA], Tanzania K000452435
    Lovett, J. [1045], Tanzania K000452424
    Lovett, J. [2842], Tanzania K000452443
    Semsei, S.R. [3354], Tanzania K000452436
    Mwasumbi, L.B. [16552], Tanzania K000452426
    Luke, P.A. [4947], Tanzania K000452422
    Luke, P.A. [5100], Tanzania K000452423
    Swynnerton, C.F.M. [380], Zimbabwe K000431083
    Anderson, B. [1305], Tanzania K000452439
    Anderson, B. [1306], Tanzania K000452440
    Newbould, J.B. [2681], Tanzania K000452431
    Vollesen, K.B. [MRC4810], Tanzania K000452441
    Ruffo, C.K. [3457], Tanzania K000452421
    Cole, M. [C59], Tanzania K000452434
    Erni, F. [B4087], Tanzania K000452427
    Linderman, H.A. [574], Tanzania K000452428
    McGrew, W.C. [s.n.], Tanzania K000452442

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 40: 199 (1911)

    Accepted by

    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 192 (1962).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 196 (1949).
    • Pax in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 147(16): 81 (1924).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 98 (1921).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 885 (1912).
    • S. Moore in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 40: 199 (1911).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0