1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Acalypha L.
      1. Acalypha clutioides Radcl.-Sm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. DR Congo to Angola.

    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    A densely caespitose perennial herb or suffrutex up to 50 cm tall, from a stout woody rootstock; stems many, simple, densely leafy, pilose or pubescent.
    Petiole
    Petioles 0.5–2 mm long, or leaves subsessile.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf blades 0.5–3 × 0.4–1.2 cm, elliptic-ovate to ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, entire, rounded to shallowly cordate at the base, sparingly pilose above, pubescent along the midrib and main nerves beneath, chartaceous, 5-nerved from the base, with tertiary nerves parallel and fairly prominent beneath; lateral nerves in 1–3 pairs, slightly prominent above, fairly prominent beneath.
    Stipules
    Stipules 1–1.5 mm long, linear, reddish-brown.
    Note
    Plants dioecious.
    Inflorescences
    Male racemes up to 5 cm long, axillary, solitary, densely flowered, on peduncles up to 2 cm long; bracts 1.5 mm long, linear-spathulate.
    Flowers
    Male flowers: pedicels 1 mm long; buds subglobose, sparingly pubescent, greenish-brown; anthers minute, cream-coloured. Female flowers axillary, solitary; peduncles 2 mm long; bracts 5 × 8 mm, palmatipartite with lobes linear-lanceolate and acuminate, pubescent without, glabrous within; flower subsessile within the bract; sepals 3, 2 mm long, ovate-lanceolate, acute, ciliate; ovary 2 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, pubescent, hirsute and tuberculate at the apex; styles 4 mm long, free, fimbriate, red.
    Male
    Male flowers: pedicels 1 mm long; buds subglobose, sparingly pubescent, greenish-brown; anthers minute, cream-coloured. Male racemes up to 5 cm long, axillary, solitary, densely flowered, on peduncles up to 2 cm long; bracts 1.5 mm long, linear-spathulate.
    Female
    Female flowers axillary, solitary; peduncles 2 mm long; bracts 5 × 8 mm, palmatipartite with lobes linear-lanceolate and acuminate, pubescent without, glabrous within; flower subsessile within the bract; sepals 3, 2 mm long, ovate-lanceolate, acute, ciliate; ovary 2 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, pubescent, hirsute and tuberculate at the apex; styles 4 mm long, free, fimbriate, red.
    Fruits
    Fruits 3 × 3 mm, 3-lobed, pubescent-pilose, yellowish.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2 × 1.5 mm, ovoid, dark brown.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Zambia, Zaïre

    Acalypha clutioides Radcl.-Sm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 19, 1972 Richards, H.M. [17180], Zambia K000431095 holotype

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 28: 287 (1873)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0