1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Acalypha L.
      1. Acalypha crenata Hochst. ex A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Verde, Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Similar to A. indica but a small annual herb seldom exceeding 40 cm. in height.
    Leaves
    The leaf-blade usually rounded at the base, crenate or crenate-serrate.
    Stipules
    The stipules lanceolate, 1 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    The inflorescences 2–3 per axil, not exceeding 4 cm., mostly ♀ with a short upper ♂ portion terminated by a subsessile allomorphic ♀ flower, or else completely ♀, the ♀ bracts 2–6 mm. long, 4–12 mm. wide, dentate, not ribbed, eglandular or with 1–2 gland-tipped hairs, the terminal allomorphic ♀ flowers obovoid, muricate, each tubercle hair-tipped, but not fimbriate.
    Figures
    Fig. 38.
    Habitat
    Seasonally wet grassland and flood plains, often on clay, but also a weed of cultivated ground; 800–2000 m.
    Distribution
    from Cape Verde Is. to Somalia and south to Zimbabwe K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 U1 U2 U3
    [FWTA]

    Euphorbiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    An annual herb, 1–11/2 ft. high.
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Very like A. indica, especially with regard to the number and shape of the female bracts, although similar to A. segetalis in habit, but the leaves are more rounded at the base, and the muricate allomorphic female flowers are usually subsessile and may be terminal or lateral on the inflorescence, and are glabrous except for a single white hair at the apex of each tubercle.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Acalypha crenata Hochst. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 2, 1910 Schimper [1200], Ethiopia K000431025 Unknown type material
    Bidgood, S. [6280], Tanzania K000468145

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 245 (1850)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Euph. 16: 97.
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 903
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 215 (1974).
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 410 (1958).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 52 (1952).
    • Pax in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 147(16): 97 (1924).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 99 (1921).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 903 (1912).
    • Pax in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 239 (1895), pro parte.
    • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 871 (1866), pro parte.
    • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 246 (1851).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0