1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Acalypha L.
      1. Acalypha engleri Pax

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar).

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    A much-branched shrub up to 3 m. tall.
    Shoots
    Young shoots densely or evenly pubescent or evenly to sparingly crisped-puberulous or subglabrous. Short shoots absent.
    Leaves
    Petioles (1.5–)3–9.5 cm. long, hairy like the shoots; leaf-blade elliptic-ovate or somewhat rhomboid-elliptic, (4–)7–14(–19) cm. long, (2–)4–8.5 cm. wide, acutely or obtusely acuminate, cuneate or occasionally rounded, serrate or crenate-serrate, membranous, strongly 3-nerved from the base, lateral nerves 5–6 pairs, sparingly pubescent to subglabrous above and beneath, more densely pubescent or sometimes puberulous or pilose on the midrib and main nerves beneath.
    Stipules
    Stipules subulate-setaceous, 4–6 mm. long, sparingly pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences spicate, solitary, axillary, usually borne towards the apices of the shoots, up to 22 cm. long, with 3–20 ♀ flowers occupying the upper quarter to two-thirds, the rest of the inflorescence ♂; axis crisped-puberulous; ♂ bracts minute; ♀ bracts triangular-ovate, 1 mm. long, acute, entire, ciliate, brownish.
    Male
    Male flowers subsessile or shortly pedicellate, the pedicels densely pubes-cent; buds subglobose, granulose toward the apex, sparingly pubescent or subglabrous.
    Flowers
    Female flowers sessile or subsessile; sepals 3, linear-lanceolate, 1.5 mm. long, acute, ciliate; ovary subtrilobate, 0.8 mm. diameter, echinate, evenly pubescent; styles ± free to the base, 3.5–6 mm. long, pectinate, whitish or greenish. Male flowers subsessile or shortly pedicellate, the pedicels densely pubes-cent; buds subglobose, granulose toward the apex, sparingly pubescent or subglabrous.
    Female
    Female flowers sessile or subsessile; sepals 3, linear-lanceolate, 1.5 mm. long, acute, ciliate; ovary subtrilobate, 0.8 mm. diameter, echinate, evenly pubescent; styles ± free to the base, 3.5–6 mm. long, pectinate, whitish or greenish.
    Fruits
    Fruits trilobate, 2.2 mm. long, 4 mm. diameter, echinate, evenly pubescent and puberulous.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid-subglobose, 1.5 mm. long, 1.2 mm. wide, smooth, brown, with a small apical caruncle.
    Habitat
    Forest undergrowth, edges and associated bushland; (100–)400–500 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T3 T6 T8 Z not known elsewhere

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Tanzania

    Acalypha engleri Pax appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 13, 1991 Luke, W.R.Q. [1556], Kenya K000237865
    Gillett, J.B. [23995], Kenya K000237863
    Drummond, R.B. [1861], Tanzania K000237878
    Drummond, R.B. [3489], Tanzania K000237876
    Drummond, R.B. [4036], Kenya K000237859
    Drummond, R.B. [4036], Kenya K000237857
    Drummond, R.B. [4036], Kenya K000237858
    Drummond, R.B. [3489], Tanzania K000237875
    Drummond, R.B. [1861], Tanzania K000237877
    Faulkner, H.G. [926], Tanzania K000237874
    Cribb, P. [10410], Tanzania K000237880
    Faden, R.B. [8510], Kenya K000237864
    Verdcourt, B. [1922], Kenya K000237860
    Semsei, S.R. [1143], Tanzania K000237879
    Kibuwa, S.P. [5294], Tanzania K000237881
    Magogo, F.C. [140], Kenya K000237861
    Magogo, F.C. [485], Kenya K000237862
    Magogo, F.C. [758], Tanzania K000237882
    Borhidi, A. [86566], Tanzania K000237867
    Borhidi, A. [87300], Tanzania K000237869
    Vaughan, J.H. [1344], Tanzania K000237885
    Engler [357], Tanzania K000237884 holotype
    Ruffo, C.K. [1929], Tanzania K000237883
    Ruffo, C.K. [2159], Tanzania K000237870
    Zimmermann, A. [1477], Tanzania K000237871
    Zimmermann, A. [s.n.], Tanzania K000237872
    Soleman [6090], Tanzania K000237873
    Bidgood, S.C. [1388], Tanzania K000237886
    War [2314], Tanzania K000237866
    Farkas, E. [86600], Tanzania K000237868

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34: 372 (1904)

    Accepted by

    • Muñoz-Rodríguez, P., Cardiel, J.M. & Atha, D. (2014). Acalypha subgenus Linostachys (Euphorbiaceae, Acalyphoideae): a global review Phytotaxa 166: 199-221.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 197 (1949).
    • Pax in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 147(16): 92 (1924).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 95 (1921).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 898 (1912).
    • Pax in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 34: 372 (1904).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0