1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Acalypha L.
      1. Acalypha fuscescens Müll.Arg.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Angola, Zambia.

    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    A perennial herb up to c. 30 cm tall, arising from a woody rootstock; stems several, simple, puberulous to pubescent.
    Petiole
    Petiole not more than 2 mm long, or leaves sessile.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf blades 3–10 × 1.5–3 cm, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate or lanceolate, the lowermost sometimes obovate, acute at the apex (the lowermost usually obtuse), serrate on the margins, tapered or rounded at the base, chartaceous, sparingly setose with bulbous-based hairs on the upper surface, more evenly pubescent beneath, drying dull brown, ± penninerved with 9–10 pairs of lateral nerves, fairly prominent beneath, tertiary nerves closely parallel.
    Stipules
    Stipules 3 mm long, linear.
    Note
    Plants dioecious or sometimes monoecious.
    Inflorescences
    Male racemes up to 2 cm long, axillary, solitary, sometimes with a female flower at the base; bracts resembling the stipules. Female flowers solitary or in pairs in the axils of the upper leaves, sessile; bracts c. 4–5 × 6 mm when mature, palmatifid, c. 20-fid to halfway, the segments 1.5–3 mm long, linear-lanceolate to subulate, alternately long and short, pubescent, eglandular, 1-flowered.
    Male
    Male racemes up to 2 cm long, axillary, solitary, sometimes with a female flower at the base; bracts resembling the stipules. Male flowers: pedicels less than 0.5 mm long; buds subglobose, puberulous, purplish-tinged; anthers minute.
    Female
    Female flowers solitary or in pairs in the axils of the upper leaves, sessile; bracts c. 4–5 × 6 mm when mature, palmatifid, c. 20-fid to halfway, the segments 1.5–3 mm long, linear-lanceolate to subulate, alternately long and short, pubescent, eglandular, 1-flowered. Female flowers: sepals oblong, minute, acute, pubescent; ovary c. 1 mm in diameter, globose, densely fulvous-tomentose; styles 3–8 mm long, free, pectinately lacinulate, minutely puberulous, red.
    Flowers
    Female flowers: sepals oblong, minute, acute, pubescent; ovary c. 1 mm in diameter, globose, densely fulvous-tomentose; styles 3–8 mm long, free, pectinately lacinulate, minutely puberulous, red. Male flowers: pedicels less than 0.5 mm long; buds subglobose, puberulous, purplish-tinged; anthers minute.
    Fruits
    Fruits 4 × 4 mm, subglobose, pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2 × 1.5 mm, ovoid, smooth, dark brown.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Zambia

    Acalypha fuscescens Müll.Arg. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Welwitsch [430], Angola K000431082 Unknown type material

    First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 821 (1866)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0