1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Acalypha L.
      1. Acalypha ornata Hochst. ex A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    A large much-branched woody herb, lax shrub, prolific vine or small tree up to 5 m tall; stems glabrous or pubescent, pilose or villous, often purplish.
    Petiole
    Petioles 2–15 cm long.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf blades (3)5–16 × (2)3–10 cm, ovate or elliptic-ovate, caudate-acuminate at the apex, serrate on the margins, cuneate to rounded, truncate or shallowly cordate at the base, membranous, sparingly pilose to subglabrous on both surfaces, usually more evenly to densely pilose along the midrib and main nerves, 5–7-nerved from the base; lateral nerves in 4–7 pairs.
    Stipules
    Stipules 4–10 mm long, linear-lanceolate to subulate-filiform, soon falling.
    Note
    Plants monoecious, or rarely dioecious.
    Male
    Male racemes solitary, axillary, up to 12 cm long, limp, scarcely or shortly pedunculate, densely flowered; bracts 1–4 mm long, linear-oblong. Male flowers shortly pedicellate; buds subglobose, minute, almost glabrous, green, pink- or reddish-flushed; anthers yellowish-white.
    Inflorescences
    Female spikes terminal, very rarely also axillary, up to 19 cm long and 2 cm wide in fruit, narrowly cylindric, rigid, subsessile; bracts accrescent to 1–1.5 × 2–2.5 cm, transversely ovate-rhombic, chartaceous, sparingly pilose, stipitate-glandular on and near the margin, greenish, 1-flowered, c. 20-toothed; terminal tooth linear-lanceolate, the rest triangular. Male racemes solitary, axillary, up to 12 cm long, limp, scarcely or shortly pedunculate, densely flowered; bracts 1–4 mm long, linear-oblong.
    Female
    Female spikes terminal, very rarely also axillary, up to 19 cm long and 2 cm wide in fruit, narrowly cylindric, rigid, subsessile; bracts accrescent to 1–1.5 × 2–2.5 cm, transversely ovate-rhombic, chartaceous, sparingly pilose, stipitate-glandular on and near the margin, greenish, 1-flowered, c. 20-toothed; terminal tooth linear-lanceolate, the rest triangular. Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, 1 mm long, triangular, ciliate; ovary less than 1 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, pubescent at the apex; styles free, 3 mm long, laciniate, greenish-white or crimson.
    Flowers
    Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, 1 mm long, triangular, ciliate; ovary less than 1 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, pubescent at the apex; styles free, 3 mm long, laciniate, greenish-white or crimson. Male flowers shortly pedicellate; buds subglobose, minute, almost glabrous, green, pink- or reddish-flushed; anthers yellowish-white.
    Fruits
    Fruits 3 × 4 mm, 3-lobed, sparingly pubescent at the apex.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1.8 × 1.5 mm, ovoid-subglobose, smooth, purplish-grey; caruncle elliptic, appressed, ochreous.
    [FWTA]

    Euphorbiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A shrub, to 10 ft. high
    Ecology
    By streams and in open places.
    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    A large much-branched woody herb or shrub up to 3.5 m. tall, but more commonly 1.5–2.5 m.
    Stem
    Stems subglabrous, pubescent, tomentose, hirsute or villous.
    Leaves
    Petioles (2–)3–10(–13) cm. long, as variable in indumentum as the stems; leaf-blade ovate, 5–16 cm. long, 3–10 cm. wide, acutely or subacutely caudate-acuminate, shallowly cordate, truncate, rounded or sometimes subcuneate, rather coarsely serrate, membranous, (3–)5(–7)-nerved at the base, lateral nerves 4–6 pairs, sparingly pilose to subglabrous above and beneath, more evenly pilose on the midrib and main nerves.
    Stipules
    Stipules linear-lanceolate to subulate-filiform, 0.4–1 cm. long, with a few subsessile glands on the margin, sparingly pubescent, readily caducous.
    Flowers
    Male flowers:pedicels up to 1.5 mm. long; buds subglobose, minute, almost glabrous. Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, triangular, 1 mm. long, subacute, ciliate; ovary trilobate, 0.75 mm. diameter, pubescent above; styles free, 3 mm. long, laciniate, usually red.
    Male
    Male flowers:pedicels up to 1.5 mm. long; buds subglobose, minute, almost glabrous. Male racemes solitary, axillary, up to 15 cm. long, scarcely or shortly pedunculate, densely flowered; bracts oblong to linear-oblong, 1(–4) mm. long, obtuse, pubescent or long-pilose, shorter than the flower-clusters or exceeding them.
    Inflorescences
    Female inflorescences spicate, solitary, terminal, cylindric, up to 17 cm. long and 3 cm. wide when mature, shortly pedunculate, rarely with a ♂ portion at the apex; bracts transversely ovate-rhomboid, markedly accrescent, up to 1.5 cm. long and 2.5 cm. wide when fully developed, caudate, dentate, chartaceous, sparingly pilose to subglabrous, with stipitate glands within towards the apex and on the margin, 1-flowered. Male racemes solitary, axillary, up to 15 cm. long, scarcely or shortly pedunculate, densely flowered; bracts oblong to linear-oblong, 1(–4) mm. long, obtuse, pubescent or long-pilose, shorter than the flower-clusters or exceeding them.
    Female
    Female inflorescences spicate, solitary, terminal, cylindric, up to 17 cm. long and 3 cm. wide when mature, shortly pedunculate, rarely with a ♂ portion at the apex; bracts transversely ovate-rhomboid, markedly accrescent, up to 1.5 cm. long and 2.5 cm. wide when fully developed, caudate, dentate, chartaceous, sparingly pilose to subglabrous, with stipitate glands within towards the apex and on the margin, 1-flowered. Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, triangular, 1 mm. long, subacute, ciliate; ovary trilobate, 0.75 mm. diameter, pubescent above; styles free, 3 mm. long, laciniate, usually red.
    Fruits
    Fruits trilobate, 3 mm. long, 4 mm. diameter, sparingly pubescent at the apex, otherwise glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid-subglobose, 1.8 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, smooth, purplish grey, with an elliptic adpressed ochreous caruncle running from the apex to the hilum.
    Figures
    Fig. 37.
    Habitat
    Forest undergrowth and edges, wooded grassland, deciduous woodland and thicket, often riverine or in rocky places, also in secondary associations and disturbed ground; 0–2000 m.
    Distribution
    from Nigeria to Eritrea and south to Angola, Botswana, Zimbabwe and Mozambique K2 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1
    [FWTA]

    Euphorbiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A small shrub.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Acalypha ornata Hochst. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 2002 Cable, S. [3478], Cameroon K000026521
    Mar 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [859], Cameroon K000338869
    Jan 1, 1987 Borhidi, A. [86287], Tanzania K000452573
    Sep 21, 1972 Polhill, R.M. [1045], Tanzania K000452557
    Sep 21, 1972 Herlocker, D. [414], Tanzania K000452553
    Sep 21, 1972 Speke [s.n.], Uganda K000431022 syntype
    Sep 21, 1972 Hukui, K. [41], Tanzania K000452555
    Jul 8, 1910 Schimper [1647], Ethiopia K000431036 Unknown type material
    Greenway, P.J. [14197], Tanzania K000452626
    Greenway, P.J. [14048], Tanzania K000452627
    Dawkins, H.C. [434], Uganda 18202.000
    Drummond, R.B. [2028], Tanzania K000452603
    Drummond, R.B. [1808], Tanzania K000452604
    Ash [896], Ethiopia 37164.000
    Bally, P.R.O. [B2214], Tanzania K000452548
    Gillman, H. [411], Tanzania K000452537
    Bullock, A.A. [3500], Tanzania K000452583
    Bullock, A.A. [3000], Tanzania K000452584
    Chancellor, R.J. [135], Uganda 2097.000
    Tanner, R.E.S. [510], Tanzania K000452539
    Tanner, R.E.S. [512], Tanzania K000452540
    Tanner, R.E.S. [1637], Tanzania K000452541
    Tanner, R.E.S. [5588B], Tanzania K000452542
    Tanner, R.E.S. [5723], Tanzania K000452544
    Tanner, R.E.S. [1837], Tanzania K000452549
    Tanner, R.E.S. [3491], Tanzania K000452570
    Tanner, R. [512], Tanzania 16804.000
    Burtt, B.D. [5588], Tanzania K000452538
    Burtt, B.D. [2434], Tanzania K000452534
    Burtt, B.D. [5080], Tanzania K000452536
    Burtt, B.D. [1165], Tanzania K000452546
    Burtt, B.D. [1521], Tanzania K000452594
    Burtt, B.D. [1048], Tanzania K000452595
    Burtt, B.D. [1864], Tanzania K000452596
    Burtt, B.D. [400], Tanzania K000452597
    Burtt, B.D. [61], Tanzania K000452614
    Kirk, J. [s.n.], Tanzania K000431021
    Wallace, G.B. [87a], Tanzania K000452611
    Wallace, G.B. [87], Tanzania K000452612
    Robertson, S.A. [474], Tanzania K000452600
    Faulkner, H.G. [4513B], Tanzania K000452562
    Faulkner, H.G. [992], Tanzania K000452571
    Procter, J.E.A. [3758], Tanzania K000452543
    Procter, J.E.A. [3590], Tanzania K000452578
    Procter, J.E.A. [304], Tanzania K000452582
    Procter, J.E.A. [42], Tanzania K000452605
    Hornby [64], Tanzania K000452592
    Stolz, A. [1577], Tanzania K000452618
    Haerdi, F. [420/0], Tanzania K000452601
    Mogg, A.O.D. [13666], South Africa K000431123 isotype
    Richards, M. [19976], Tanzania K000452590
    Richards, M. [21005], Tanzania K000452636
    Richards, M. [18650], Tanzania K000452638
    Richards, M. [20982], Tanzania K000452628
    Richards, M. [18636], Tanzania K000452630
    Richards, M. [18635], Tanzania K000452631
    Richards, M. [17548], Tanzania K000452632
    Richards, M. [15607], Tanzania K000452633
    Renvoize, S.A. [1519], Tanzania K000452564
    Renvoize, S.A. [1515], Tanzania K000452565
    Renvoize, S.A. [1444], Tanzania K000452551
    Miller, O.B. [1135], Botswana K000511156
    Miller, O.B. [1275], Botswana K000511157
    Archbold, M.E. [1011], Tanzania K000452563
    Archbold, M.E. [806], Tanzania K000452566
    Archbold, M.E. [444], Tanzania K000452567
    Archbold, M.E. [161], Tanzania K000452568
    Schimper [1647], Ethiopia K000431037 Unknown type material
    Bjornstad, A. [AB1343], Tanzania K000452623
    Bjornstad, A. [AB1260], Tanzania K000452624
    Bjornstad, A. [AB1259], Tanzania K000452625
    Hedberg, O. [285], Tanzania K000452575
    Wild, H. [7072], Botswana K000511158
    Lovett, J. [1335], Tanzania K000452533
    Lovett, J. [3097], Tanzania K000452598
    Lovett, J. [3552], Tanzania K000452620
    Lovett, J. [3346], Tanzania K000452621
    Lovett, J. [2861], Tanzania K000452622
    Semsei, S.R. [Semsei3145], Tanzania K000452569
    Semsei, S.R. [Semsei4008], Tanzania K000452577
    Mwasumbi, L.B. [13879], Tanzania K000452599
    Richards, H.M. [25085], Tanzania K000452550
    Richards, H.M. [7048], Tanzania K000452579
    Richards, H.M. [7935A], Tanzania K000452634
    Richards, H.M. [21033], Tanzania K000452637
    Richards, H.M. [3483], Tanzania K000452581
    Richards, H.M. [7916], Tanzania K000452616
    Boaler, S.B. [348], Tanzania K000452615
    Barter [3425], Nigeria K000431045
    Schlieben, H.J. [1538], Tanzania K000452613
    Haarer, A.E. [1057], Tanzania K000452547
    Magogo, F.C. [346], Tanzania K000452576
    Meller, C.J. [s.n.], Tanzania K000431020
    Welch, J.R. [504], Tanzania K000452556
    Leippert, H. [5724], Tanzania K000452554
    Elliott [1213], Tanzania K000452552
    Koritschoner, H. [1175], Tanzania K000452558
    Koritschoner, H. [1174], Tanzania K000452559
    Smith, P.A. [2332], Botswana K000511159
    Ruffo, C.K. [1792], Tanzania K000452572
    Ruffo, C.K. [62], Tanzania K000452588
    Ruffo, C.K. [1504], Tanzania K000452574
    Geilinger, (.D.r.). [3253], Tanzania K000452535
    Geilinger, (.D.r.). [s.n.], Tanzania K000452560
    Ngoundai [52], Tanzania K000452589
    Jaasund, A. [2214], Tanzania K000452545
    Jolsman, R. [6088], Tanzania K000452561
    Kasele, R. [6023], Tanzania K000452580
    Thompson, G. [530], Tanzania K000452635
    Burntt, G.F. [49/73], Tanzania K000452585
    Pielou, D.P. [61], Tanzania K000452587
    Lea, J.D. [26], Tanzania K000452591
    Anatoli, J.A. [11], Tanzania K000452602
    Bruce, E.R. [1026], Tanzania K000452606
    Bruce, E.R. [855], Tanzania K000452608
    Bruce, E.R. [88], Tanzania K000452610

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 247 (1850)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barberá, P., Velayos, M. & Aedo, C. (2013). Annotated checklist and identification keys of the Acalyphoideae (Euphorbiaceae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Phytotaxa 140: 1-25.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Euph. 16: 58.
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 890
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Barberá, P., Velayos, M. & Aedo, C. (2013). Annotated checklist and identification keys of the Acalyphoideae (Euphorbiaceae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Phytotaxa 140: 1-25.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 2: 198, t. 58/2 (1983).
    • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 246, t. 83.2 (1982)
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 216 (1974).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 192 (1962).
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 409 (1958).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 50 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 196 (1949).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 464 (1948).
    • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony p. 53 (1936).
    • Pax in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 147 (16): 58 (1924).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 96 (1921).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 890 (1912).
    • Pax in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 239 (1895).
    • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 833 (1866).
    • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 247 (1851).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/