1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Acalypha L.
      1. Acalypha polymorpha Müll.Arg.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    An erect densely caespitose perennial herb up to 45 cm high, from a woody rootstock; stems simple, numerous, crisped-puberulous, tomentose, villous or hirsute.
    Petiole
    Petioles 0.1–1 cm long.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf blades 1–11 × 1–3.5 cm, very variable, ranging from suborbicular (at the base of the stem) to ovate, obovate, elliptic, oblong or narrowly oblanceolate or lanceolate, obtuse to subacute, acute or shortly caudate-acuminate at the apex, serrate or crenate-serrate on the margin, especially in the upper half, attenuate, cuneate to rounded or shallowly cordate at the base, chartaceous, sparingly pubescent above and beneath, later glabrescent, 3–5(7)-nerved from the base, tertiary nerves subparallel; lateral nerves in 3–6 pairs, ascending, fairly prominent beneath.
    Stipules
    Stipules 1–3 mm long, linear-subulate.
    Male
    Male flowers shortly pedicellate; buds 4-lobed to subglobose, somewhat apiculate, sparingly to evenly pubescent; calyx lobes red, or white and edged with red; anthers white. Male racemes up to 12 cm long with a peduncle up to 5 cm long, solitary, axillary, erect, occasionally with 1–2 female flowers at the base or scattered along the axis; bracts resembling the stipules.
    Inflorescences
    Female inflorescences 1–6 × 1.5–2.5 cm, spicate, usually solitary and terminal, occasionally axillary, capitate or cylindric, subsessile or shortly pedunculate, sometimes with a terminal male appendage; bracts accrescent to 1 × 1.5 cm, transversely ovate, regularly 8–11-fid almost to the base, the segments 3–5 mm long, triangular-lanceolate, pubescent, 1-flowered, greenish-brown. Male racemes up to 12 cm long with a peduncle up to 5 cm long, solitary, axillary, erect, occasionally with 1–2 female flowers at the base or scattered along the axis; bracts resembling the stipules.
    Flowers
    Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, 1 mm long, linear-lanceolate, acute, ciliate; ovary c. 1 mm in diameter, subglobose, densely whitish-pubescent; styles up to 1.5 cm long, united at the base, pectinate, red or sometimes whitish. Male flowers shortly pedicellate; buds 4-lobed to subglobose, somewhat apiculate, sparingly to evenly pubescent; calyx lobes red, or white and edged with red; anthers white.
    Female
    Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, 1 mm long, linear-lanceolate, acute, ciliate; ovary c. 1 mm in diameter, subglobose, densely whitish-pubescent; styles up to 1.5 cm long, united at the base, pectinate, red or sometimes whitish. Female inflorescences 1–6 × 1.5–2.5 cm, spicate, usually solitary and terminal, occasionally axillary, capitate or cylindric, subsessile or shortly pedunculate, sometimes with a terminal male appendage; bracts accrescent to 1 × 1.5 cm, transversely ovate, regularly 8–11-fid almost to the base, the segments 3–5 mm long, triangular-lanceolate, pubescent, 1-flowered, greenish-brown.
    Fruits
    Fruits 3–4 × 3.5–4.5 mm, 3-lobed, pubescent, greenish.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2.5 × 2 mm, ovoid-subglobose, smooth, dark grey, with a small whitish elliptical caruncle.
    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    A perennial herb with a few simple stems up to 40 cm. high arising from a thick woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems sparingly to evenly crisped-puberulous and/or densely to sparingly hirsute.
    Leaves
    Leaves subsessile or shortly petiolate, the petiole up to 5 mm. long; leaf-blade very variable, ranging from suborbicular (at the base of the stem) to ovate, obovate, oblong, oblong-oblanceolate and even linear-lanceolate (at the apex of the stem), 1–10 cm. long, 0.5–2.5 cm. wide, obtuse, subacute or acute, rounded or subcuneate, serrate or crenate-serrate, chartaceous, 5-nerved from the base, lateral nerves 3–5 pairs, ascending, prominent beneath, as are also the subparallel tertiary nerves, sparingly pubescent above and beneath, ± glabrescent.
    Stipules
    Stipules linear-subulate, 2–3 mm. long, sparingly glandular and pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Male racemes solitary, axillary, up to 12 cm. long, densely flowered; peduncle up to 5 cm. long, crisply puberulous, sometimes with a ♀ flower at the base, halfway up or rarely at the top; bracts resembling the stipules. Female inflorescences spicate, usually solitary and terminal, more rarely axillary, capitate or subcylindric, up to 2.5 cm. long and 1.5 cm. wide when mature, subsessile or shortly pedunculate, sometimes terminating in a short ♂ appendage; bracts accrescent, dentate-laciniate, the segments triangular-lanceolate, 3–5 mm. long, the middle one usually larger than the rest, sharply acute, sparingly pubescent, eglandular, 1-flowered.
    Flowers
    Male flowers shortly pedicellate; buds 4-lobate, subglobose, subapiculate, sparingly to evenly pubescent, often purple tinged. Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, linear-lanceolate, 1 mm. long, acute, ciliate; ovary subglobose, ± 1 mm. diameter, densely pubescent; styles united at the base, up to 1 cm. long, pectinate, red.
    Male
    Male flowers shortly pedicellate; buds 4-lobate, subglobose, subapiculate, sparingly to evenly pubescent, often purple tinged. Male racemes solitary, axillary, up to 12 cm. long, densely flowered; peduncle up to 5 cm. long, crisply puberulous, sometimes with a ♀ flower at the base, halfway up or rarely at the top; bracts resembling the stipules.
    Female
    Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, linear-lanceolate, 1 mm. long, acute, ciliate; ovary subglobose, ± 1 mm. diameter, densely pubescent; styles united at the base, up to 1 cm. long, pectinate, red. Female inflorescences spicate, usually solitary and terminal, more rarely axillary, capitate or subcylindric, up to 2.5 cm. long and 1.5 cm. wide when mature, subsessile or shortly pedunculate, sometimes terminating in a short ♂ appendage; bracts accrescent, dentate-laciniate, the segments triangular-lanceolate, 3–5 mm. long, the middle one usually larger than the rest, sharply acute, sparingly pubescent, eglandular, 1-flowered.
    Fruits
    Fruits trilobate, 3 mm. long, 3.5 mm. diameter, densely pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid-subglobose, 2.5 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, smooth, dark grey, with a small elliptic caruncle near the apex.
    Habitat
    Wooded and open grassland, often where subject to grazing or seasonal burning, also in rocky places; 930–2300 m.
    Distribution
    K2 K3 K5 T1 T4 T7 T8 U1 U3

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Acalypha polymorpha Müll.Arg. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1990 Lovett, J. [2279], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452669
    Gillett, J.B. [17844], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452668
    Bullock, A.A. [1915], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452652
    Tanner, R.E.S. [5024], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452645
    Tanner, R.E.S. [5096], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452646
    Tanner, R.E.S. [5435], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452647
    Tanner, R.E.S. [5706], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452648
    Tanner, R.E.S. [5856], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452649
    Tanner, R.E.S. [5255], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452650
    Tanner, R.E.S. [5657], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452656
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7752], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452670
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8293], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452671
    Scott Elliot, G.F. [8160], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452644
    Jefford, T.G. [1965], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452654
    Polhill, R.M. [1868], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452666
    Brummitt, R.K. [18208], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452641
    Brummitt, R.K. [18004], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452642
    Verdcourt, B. [3331], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452658
    Lovett, J. [1013], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452643
    Mwasumbi, L.B. [13186], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452639
    Richards, H.M. [13896], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452662
    Richards, H.M. [13881], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452664
    Richards, H.M. [2394], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452653
    Richards, H.M. [10343], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452655
    Richards, H.M. [15888], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452657
    Richards, H.M. [13924], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452665
    Boaler, S.B. [747], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452667
    Napper, D.M. [901], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452663
    Haarer, A.E. [1627], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452660
    Ruffo, C.K. [2665], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452659
    Admiral, R. [D12b], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452661
    Kanywa, P. [44], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452651

    First published in J. Bot. 2: 335 (1864)

    Accepted by

    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0