1. Family: Chrysobalanaceae R.Br.
    1. Maranthes Blume

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, S. Thailand to N. Australia, Central America.

    [FZ]

    Chrysobalanaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Trees.
    Leaves
    Lower leaf-surface glabrous or with dense arachnoid indumentum.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a many-flowered corymb or panicle.
    Bracteoles
    Bracts and bracteoles eglandular, caducous, not concealing young flowers.
    Flowers
    Flowers slightly zygomorphic.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle-tube often slightly curved, obconoidal or subcampanulate, always gradually narrowed into the pedicel, nearly always almost solid and almost completely filled with nectariferous tissue, glabrous inside on one side, hairy on the other, or completely glabrous.
    Calyx
    Sepals suborbicular, deeply concave.
    Corolla
    Petals suborbicular to broadly lingulate.
    Androecium
    Stamens 20–60; filaments white, inserted in two rows on the free margin of the disk; tightly undulate in bud with 2 or more undulations, much longer than the sepals, usually occurring in a tangled mass; staminodes few and vestigial or absent.
    Pistil
    Ovary of 1 or sometimes 2–3 bilocular carpels, inserted at mouth of receptacle-tube; style curved upwards, much longer than the sepals, glabrous except at base.
    Fruits
    Drupe fleshy; endocarp very hard, fibrous with a rough exterior; glabrous inside, with 2 lateral plates which break away on germination and allow the seedlings to escape.
    Seeds
    Germination epigeal; first leaves opposite.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Burkina, Cabinda, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Congo, Costa Rica, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mozambique, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Northern Territory, Panamá, Philippines, Queensland, Santa Cruz Is., Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Maranthes Blume appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Fay, J.M. [8186], Central African Republic 63287.000

    First published in Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 89 (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Prance, G.T. & Sothers, C.A. (2003). Chrysobalanaceae 1 & 2 Species Plantarum: Flora of the World 9, 10: 1-319, 1-268. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Bijdr. Fl. Nederl. Ind.: 89 (1825).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0