1. Family: Phyllanthaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Bridelia Willd.
      1. Bridelia duvigneaudii J.Léonard

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Similar to B. ferruginea, differing chiefly in having narrower (0.5–1 mm wide), arcuate, more persistent stipules, shorter (3–5 mm long) petioles, generally smaller leaves with a more laxly reticulate venation, fewer (3–5-)flowered glomerules, longer (2–3 mm long) male sepals, female sepals pubescent within towards the apex and ± glabrous inner female disk.
    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    A loosely branched shrub 2–5 m. with spreading or sometimes drooping branches.
    Bark
    Bark smooth or almost so, or fissured, grey or greyish brown.
    Twigs
    Twigs dark grey or brown, sparingly lenticellate.
    Shoots
    Young shoots and petioles densely fulvous or ferruginous tomentose.
    Leaves
    Petioles 2–5 mm. long; leaf-blades obovate to elliptic-obovate, (1–)2–8(–9) cm. long, (0.5–)1–4(–5.5) cm. wide, subacute, obtuse, rounded or truncate, sometimes mucronulate or mucronate, cuneate, rounded or truncate at base, usually entire but sometimes shallowly crenate, chartaceous, lateral nerves (5–)6–9(–11) pairs, craspedodromous, flat or somewhat impressed above, prominent beneath, tertiary nerves subparallel, slightly or fairly prominent beneath, sparingly pubescent above, but evenly pubescent along the midrib, tardily subglabrescent, and evenly pubescent beneath, more densely so along the midrib and lateral nerves, dull green above, paler or sometimes somewhat ferrugineous beneath.
    Stipules
    Stipules linear-lanceolate, long filiform-acuminate, 4–6(–8) mm. long, evenly to densely pubescent, arcuate, persistent.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary or in small few-flowered axillary clusters. Male flowers:pedicels 1 mm. long, pubescent; sepals triangular, 2 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, acute, evenly to densely pubescent without, glabrous within, green and reddish-tinged or crimson; petals obtriangular-spathulate, 1 mm. long, irregularly denticulate at the apex, pale greenish cream; disc annular, ± flat, 2 mm. across, entire, glabrous; staminal column 1 mm. high; filaments greenish cream; anthers 0.75 mm. long, yellow; pistillode conical, 1 mm. tall, bifid at the apex. Female flowers very shortly pedicellate or subsessile; sepals narrowly triangular-lanceolate, thick, 2 mm. long, 0.5 mm. wide, acutely acuminate, densely pubescent without, evenly adpressed pubescent within; petals elliptic, 0.5–0.75 mm. long, subentire, pubescent without, glabrous within; outer disc ± annular, 1.5 mm. across, inner disc divided into 2–3 triangular glabrous ± entire lobes enclosing the ovary; ovary ovoid-subglobose, 1.5–2 mm. long, 2-locular; styles 2, ± free, bifid.
    Bracts
    Bracts minute, pubescent.
    Male
    Male flowers:pedicels 1 mm. long, pubescent; sepals triangular, 2 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, acute, evenly to densely pubescent without, glabrous within, green and reddish-tinged or crimson; petals obtriangular-spathulate, 1 mm. long, irregularly denticulate at the apex, pale greenish cream; disc annular, ± flat, 2 mm. across, entire, glabrous; staminal column 1 mm. high; filaments greenish cream; anthers 0.75 mm. long, yellow; pistillode conical, 1 mm. tall, bifid at the apex.
    Female
    Female flowers very shortly pedicellate or subsessile; sepals narrowly triangular-lanceolate, thick, 2 mm. long, 0.5 mm. wide, acutely acuminate, densely pubescent without, evenly adpressed pubescent within; petals elliptic, 0.5–0.75 mm. long, subentire, pubescent without, glabrous within; outer disc ± annular, 1.5 mm. across, inner disc divided into 2–3 triangular glabrous ± entire lobes enclosing the ovary; ovary ovoid-subglobose, 1.5–2 mm. long, 2-locular; styles 2, ± free, bifid.
    Fruits
    Fruits subglobose, 1-locular by abortion or occasionally 2-locular, 6–7 mm. long and wide, green at first, then becoming dull deep red, brown or blackish.
    Seeds
    Seed 4 mm. long, ± smooth, brown.
    Habitat
    Locally common in deciduous woodland and thicket, often in rocky places or on porous soils over an impervious substrate; 1200–1900 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T4 T5 T8

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Bridelia duvigneaudii J.Léonard appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10807], Tanzania 24442.000

    First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 25: 365 (1955)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 194 (1962).
    • J. Léon. in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 8(1): 39 (1962).
    • J. Léon. in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 25: 365 (1955)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0