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  1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Croton L.
      1. Croton madandensis S.Moore

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Zimbabwe to Mozambique.

    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    A shrub or small tree up to 5 m tall.
    Twigs
    Twigs greyish-brown, sparingly white-lenticellate.
    Indumentum
    Young growth scurfily patent-stellate-pubescent.
    Stipules
    Stipules 3–4 mm long, filiform-subulate, soon falling.
    Petiole
    Petioles 0.5–3.5 cm long.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf blades 3.5–8 × 2–4 cm, ovate to elliptic-oblanceolate, shortly acuminate at the apex, entire or subentire, rarely irregularly crenate-serrate on the margin, shallowly cordate at the base, with a pair of long-stipitate or occasionally subsessile discoid glands at the base on the lower surface, membranous, evenly stellate-pubescent on both surfaces when juvenile, later only sparingly so; 3–5-nerved from the base, lateral nerves in 4–5 pairs, scarcely prominent beneath, not so above.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 1–6.5 cm long, subterminal, usually androgynous; bracts minute.
    Male
    Male flowers: pedicels 2 mm long; sepals 5, 1.5 × 1 mm, ovate-oblong, evenly scurfily stellate-pubescent without, glabrous within, yellowish-green; petals 5, 2 × 0.75 mm, oblanceolate-spathulate, ciliate but otherwise ± glabrous, yellow; disk glands minute; stamens 15–16, filaments c. 1 mm long, ± glabrous, anthers 0.5 mm long; receptacle pilose.
    Flowers
    Female flowers: pedicels 2.5 mm long; sepals 5, 4 × 2 mm, accrescent to 7 × 3 mm, or not accrescent, oblong-lanceolate, evenly scurfily stellate-pubescent without, minutely puberulous within; petals 5, 1 mm long, subulate; disk rounded-pentagonal, flat, glabrous; ovary 2 mm in diameter, subglobose, densely fulvous stellate-tomentose; styles 3, 1.5 mm long, spreading, twice 2-partite or ± 4-partite or twice 3-partite with the segments linear-filiform, abaxially pubescent, adaxially glabrous. Male flowers: pedicels 2 mm long; sepals 5, 1.5 × 1 mm, ovate-oblong, evenly scurfily stellate-pubescent without, glabrous within, yellowish-green; petals 5, 2 × 0.75 mm, oblanceolate-spathulate, ciliate but otherwise ± glabrous, yellow; disk glands minute; stamens 15–16, filaments c. 1 mm long, ± glabrous, anthers 0.5 mm long; receptacle pilose.
    Female
    Female flowers: pedicels 2.5 mm long; sepals 5, 4 × 2 mm, accrescent to 7 × 3 mm, or not accrescent, oblong-lanceolate, evenly scurfily stellate-pubescent without, minutely puberulous within; petals 5, 1 mm long, subulate; disk rounded-pentagonal, flat, glabrous; ovary 2 mm in diameter, subglobose, densely fulvous stellate-tomentose; styles 3, 1.5 mm long, spreading, twice 2-partite or ± 4-partite or twice 3-partite with the segments linear-filiform, abaxially pubescent, adaxially glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruits 6 × 7 mm, shallowly trilobate-subglobose, septicidal, sparingly stellate-pubescent, pale green.
    Seeds
    Seeds 5 × 3.5 × 2.5 mm, compressed-ovoid, ± smooth, slightly shiny, light brown; caruncle 1.5 mm wide, flattened.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Zimbabwe

    Other Data

    Croton madandensis S.Moore appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Swynnerton, C.F.M. [1408], Mozambique K000347471 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 40: 195 (1911)

    Accepted by

    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0