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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Djibouti to S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean, SW. Arabian Peninsula.


Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

Morphology General Habit
Leaves coriaceous or less often subcoriaceous, infrequently chartaceous, fully mature at time of flowering or not.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipule limbs not darkening at centre (sometimes dark all over when dry), variously shaped, sometimes apiculate, rarely aristate, very often caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal on main and leafy lateral branches, sometimes on very short leafless spurs off the main and lateral branches or sometimes axillary, usually congested, less often very lax; flowers sessile or pedicellate; bracteoles usually present; bractlets occasionally present.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx limb with both limb-tube and lobes apparent (TAB. 73/A1), less often limb-tube very reduced (TAB. 73/A3), or with limb-tube well developed, repand or bearing short teeth (TAB. 73/A2); lobes various, very occasionally overlapping.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla glabrous outside; tube slightly shorter or slightly longer than lobes, sparsely to densely pubescent at throat.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Placenta
Placenta small to moderately large, bearing 2–8 pendulous ovules, or ovate with (1)2–3(6) impressed ovules.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit brown or red, drying blackish, 1(2)-locular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1(2) per fruit, dark brown or blackish, reticulate, ± spherical (or sometimes hemispherical) with an irregular or less often circular hilar activity; endosperm fully or partly ruminate or ± entire (not in Flora Zambesiaca area).

Native to:

Aldabra, Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Oman, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Coptosperma Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Davis, A.P. [2187], Madagascar Enterospermum 61296.000
Davis, A.P. [2226], Madagascar Enterospermum 61317.000
Davis, A.P. [1021], Madagascar Enterospermum 61809.000
Davis, A.P. [2531], Madagascar Enterospermum 61992.000
Davis, A.P. [2180], Madagascar Enterospermum 63665.000
Davis, A.P. [2135], Madagascar Enterospermum 63671.000
Davis, A.P. [2199], Madagascar Enterospermum 63902.000
Davis, A.P. [2504], Madagascar Enterospermum 64012.000
Davis, A.P. [2571], Madagascar Enterospermum 64142.000
Davis, A.P. [2520], Madagascar Enterospermum 64148.000
Davis, A.P. [2564], Madagascar Enterospermum 64164.000
Davis, A.P. [2579], Madagascar Enterospermum 64168.000
Davis, A.P. [1163], Madagascar Enterospermum 62474.000
Davis, A.P. [1189], Madagascar Enterospermum 70165.000
Davis, A.P. [2724b], Madagascar Enterospermum 72717.000
Rakotonasolo, F. [RNF 77], Madagascar Enterospermum 70129.000
Rakotonasolo, F. [RNF 74], Madagascar Enterospermum 70131.000
Rakotonasolo, F. [RNF 103], Madagascar Enterospermum 70169.000
Rakotonasolo [119], Madagascar Enterospermum 73893.000
Rakotonasolo [103], Madagascar Enterospermum 73312.000

First published in G.Bentham & J.D.Hooker, Gen. Pl. 2: 86 (1873)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.


Flora Zambesiaca

  • De Block, Degreef & Robbrecht in Syst. Geogr. Pl. 71: 455–492 (2002), emend.
  • Degreef, De Block & Robbrecht in Syst. Geogr. Pl. 71: 367–382 (2002).
  • in Bentham & J.D. Hooker, Gen. Pl. 2: 86 (1873).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.