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  1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Macaranga Thouars
      1. Macaranga mellifera Prain

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    A tree up to 18(30) m high, with ascending or spreading branches and a compact crown.
    Bark
    Bark smooth, grey.
    Wood
    Wood soft, white.
    Shoots
    Young shoots, petioles and inflorescence axes ferruginous-tomentellous and gland-dotted at first, soon glabrescent.
    Stipules
    Stipules 3 mm long, lanceolate, acute, deciduous.
    Petiole
    Petioles 3–8(14) cm long, pulvinate.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf blades (5)8–12(24) × (3)4–10(15) cm, ovate to elliptic-ovate, rounded to obtuse or subacute and shortly acuminate at the apex, cuneate to rounded or truncate and somewhat cordulate-auriculate at the base, 2-glandular on upper surface at the base, entire or subentire, sometimes remotely and shallowly glandular-denticulate, subcoriaceous, glabrous above, densely gland-dotted beneath and glabrous except for the densely hirsute lower third of the midrib and basal nerves; 3(5)-nerved from the base, lateral nerves in 6–7(8) pairs, looped, tertiary nerves parallel.
    Male
    Male flowers sessile, honey-scented; calyx lobes 3–4, 1.5 × 1 mm, ovate, acute or obtuse, glandular, yellow; stamens 13–17, the filaments of the inner 3–6 fused almost to the top, those of the outer ones united only at the base. Male inflorescences 4–7 cm long, densely paniculate; bracts small, 1–1.5 mm long, ovate, acute, entire, eglandular, many-flowered.
    Inflorescences
    Female inflorescences 2–5(7) cm long, racemose; bracts usually 1–2-flowered. Male inflorescences 4–7 cm long, densely paniculate; bracts small, 1–1.5 mm long, ovate, acute, entire, eglandular, many-flowered.
    Flowers
    Female flowers pedicellate, pedicels c. 2 mm long; calyx c. 1 mm across, cupular, ± truncate or scarcely 3-lobed, green; ovary less than 1 mm in diameter, subglobose, unilocular, densely granulate-glandular and with or without a few fleshy warts; style lateral, 3–5 mm long, massive, subulate, thick, straight or recurved, ± smooth. Male flowers sessile, honey-scented; calyx lobes 3–4, 1.5 × 1 mm, ovate, acute or obtuse, glandular, yellow; stamens 13–17, the filaments of the inner 3–6 fused almost to the top, those of the outer ones united only at the base.
    Female
    Female flowers pedicellate, pedicels c. 2 mm long; calyx c. 1 mm across, cupular, ± truncate or scarcely 3-lobed, green; ovary less than 1 mm in diameter, subglobose, unilocular, densely granulate-glandular and with or without a few fleshy warts; style lateral, 3–5 mm long, massive, subulate, thick, straight or recurved, ± smooth. Female inflorescences 2–5(7) cm long, racemose; bracts usually 1–2-flowered.
    Fruits
    Fruit 4 × 4 mm, subglobose, sparingly verrucose, densely granulate-glandular, pale yellowish-green.
    Seeds
    Seed 3.5 × 3.5 mm, subglobose, endotesta rugulose, dull, with a purplish-black fleshy exotesta.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe

    Other Data

    Macaranga mellifera Prain appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wild, H. [44907], Zimbabwe 4161.000
    Wild, H. [22750], Zimbabwe 4167.000
    Swynnerton, C.F.M. [2120], Zimbabwe K000425830 Unknown type material
    Swynnerton, C.F.M. [5], Angola K000425836
    Swynnerton, C.F.M. [5], Angola K000425837 Unknown type material
    Buchanan, J. [1483], Malawi K000425829
    Timberlake, J. [5219], Mozambique K000613947
    Timberlake, J. [5234], Mozambique K000613962
    Timberlake, J. [5247], Mozambique K000613976
    Timberlake, J. [5118], Mozambique K000613498
    Timberlake, J. [5458], Mozambique K000614439

    Bibliography

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 40: 201 (1911)

    Accepted by

    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0