1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Mallotus Lour.
      1. Mallotus oppositifolius (Geiseler) Müll.Arg.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Madagascar.

    [FWTA]

    Euphorbiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A dioecious shrub or tree, 6–40 ft. high
    Ecology
    Common in forest regrowth and drier types of forest
    Flowers
    Flowers creamy-white.
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    An open shrub or small tree up to 10 m tall, often sarmentose, dioecious.
    Bark
    Bark ± smooth to slightly roughened and flaky, whitish- or greenish-grey or brown.
    Shoots
    Young shoots fulvous-stellate-pubescent.
    Twigs
    Older twigs glabrescent, often purplish-brown.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, one of each pair long-petiolate; petiole up to 8 cm long in the longer of the pair, up to 2 cm long in the shorter, slightly pulvinate, pubescent; leaf blade not lobed or 3-lobed, up to 17 × 13 cm, broadly ovate to ovate-oblong or ovate-lanceolate, the two leaves of each opposite pair somewhat unequal, obtusely or subacutely acuminate at the apex, shallowly cordate to truncate or rounded-cuneate at the base, subentire and shallowly glandular-denticulate to repand-dentate or sinuate on the margin, membranous to chartaceous, usually 3-nerved from the base, sometimes 5-nerved, with up to 4 discoid glands on the upper surface near the base, sparingly yellow-pellucid-gland-dotted above, evenly so beneath, sparingly stellate-pubescent to almost glabrous on both surfaces, sometimes with an admixture of simple hairs along the midrib and main nerves beneath, and in the domatia, or with multicellular simple hairs, dark green above, paler beneath; lateral nerves in 4–7 pairs.
    Stipules
    Stipules 1 mm long, subulate, soon deciduous.
    Flowers
    Flowers fragrant, with an odour of Convallaria. Female flowers: pedicels shorter than in the male flowers at first, but elongating in fruit; buds ovoid-ellipsoid; calyx lobes 3–5(6), 2 mm long, united at the base or for half their length, ovate or lanceolate, acute, pubescent and gland-dotted at the base without, glabrous within, recurved, green; ovary 1 mm in diameter, shallowly 3(4)-lobed to subglobose, densely pubescent and glandular; styles 1.5 mm long, ± free, plumose. Male flowers: pedicels 3–7 mm long, jointed, pubescent; buds subglobose, apiculate; sepals 2 mm long, elliptic, subacute, sparingly pubescent without, glabrous and gland-dotted within, strongly reflexed, pale yellow-green; disk absent; stamens 2 mm long, filaments greenish-white, anthers 0.3 mm, whitish; pistillode absent.
    Male
    Male flowers: pedicels 3–7 mm long, jointed, pubescent; buds subglobose, apiculate; sepals 2 mm long, elliptic, subacute, sparingly pubescent without, glabrous and gland-dotted within, strongly reflexed, pale yellow-green; disk absent; stamens 2 mm long, filaments greenish-white, anthers 0.3 mm, whitish; pistillode absent. Male racemes up to 11 cm long; axis sparingly to evenly pubescent, sparingly gland-dotted; bracts 0.5 mm long, triangular, 3–5-flowered.
    Inflorescences
    Female racemes resembling the males, but the bracts 1.5 mm long, lanceolate, 1–2-flowered. Male racemes up to 11 cm long; axis sparingly to evenly pubescent, sparingly gland-dotted; bracts 0.5 mm long, triangular, 3–5-flowered.
    Female
    Female flowers: pedicels shorter than in the male flowers at first, but elongating in fruit; buds ovoid-ellipsoid; calyx lobes 3–5(6), 2 mm long, united at the base or for half their length, ovate or lanceolate, acute, pubescent and gland-dotted at the base without, glabrous within, recurved, green; ovary 1 mm in diameter, shallowly 3(4)-lobed to subglobose, densely pubescent and glandular; styles 1.5 mm long, ± free, plumose. Female racemes resembling the males, but the bracts 1.5 mm long, lanceolate, 1–2-flowered.
    Fruits
    Fruits 5–7 × 7–9 mm, deeply 3(4)-lobed, sparingly to evenly pubescent or puberulous and gland-dotted.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3.5–4 × 3 mm, subglobose, smooth, shiny, greyish-olive-brown.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Mallotus oppositifolius (Geiseler) Müll.Arg. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 31, 2006 Vogel, T. [11], West Tropical Africa K000252563 lectotype
    Jan 31, 2006 Irving [153], Nigeria K000252560 lectotype
    Jan 31, 2006 Krause, G.A. [[287][589]], Ghana K000252561
    Jan 31, 2006 Semsei, S. [634], Tanzania K000252565 holotype
    Jan 31, 2006 Vogel? [32], West Tropical Africa K001044706
    Jan 31, 2006 Vogel? [32], West Tropical Africa K000252562
    Jan 1, 2006 Cheek, M. [11088], Cameroon K000339410
    Jan 1, 2006 Etuge, M. [5148], Cameroon K000339407
    Jan 1, 2006 Harvey, Y.B. [94], Cameroon K000339408
    Jan 1, 2006 Harvey, Y.B. [133], Cameroon K000339411
    Jan 1, 2006 Harvey, Y.B. [133], Cameroon K000339412
    Feb 1, 2004 Harvey, Y.B. [212], Cameroon K000339409
    Apr 1, 2002 Lane, P. [308], Cameroon K000026472
    Apr 1, 2002 Cable, S. [3520], Cameroon K000026476
    Apr 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [4277], Cameroon K000026473
    Apr 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1893], Cameroon K000026474
    Apr 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1584], Cameroon K000026475
    Jan 1, 1995 Cable, S. [1430], Cameroon K000542298
    Jan 1, 1993 Wheatley, J.I. [647], Cameroon K000085094
    Jan 1, 1992 Wheatley, J.I. [213], Cameroon K000011551
    Jan 1, 1992 Wheatley, J.I. [229], Cameroon K000011552
    Jan 1, 1992 Sunderland, T.C.H. [1266], Cameroon K000011554
    Jan 1, 1992 Sunderland, T.C.H. [1303], Cameroon K000011555
    Jan 1, 1992 Watts, J. [364], Cameroon K000011553
    Apr 1, 1978 Lowe J. [3668], Cameroon K000180867
    Dawkins, H.C. [599], Uganda 2632.000
    Drummond, R.B. [DH3140], Tanzania K000452971
    Eggeling, W.J. [E6656], Tanzania K000452968
    Gillman, H. [612], Tanzania K000452966
    Paulo, S. [121], Tanzania K000452976
    Tanner, R.E.S. [5013], Tanzania K000452970
    Tanner, R.E.S. [3543], Tanzania K000452972
    Faulkner, H. [2348], Tanzania 5262.000
    Maitland, T.D. [1763], Cameroon K000180837
    Binuyo, A. [36919], Nigeria 5258.000
    Binuyo, A. [35466], Cameroon K000180838
    Procter, J.E.A. [Procter362], Tanzania K000452974
    Procter, J.E.A. [2558], Tanzania K000452978
    Hutchinson, J. [134], Cameroon K000180864
    Haerdi, F. [499], Tanzania K000452977
    Thomas, D.W. [2486], Cameroon K000180839
    Thomas, D.W. [2485], Cameroon K000180842
    Harris, B.J. [BJH2533], Tanzania K000452964
    Richards, H.M. [259720], Tanzania K000452973
    Mgaza, C.D. [705], Tanzania K000452979
    Ford, J. [870], Tanzania K000452967
    Dunlap [251], Cameroon K000180866
    Willan, R.L. [213], Tanzania K000452969
    Ruffo, C.K. [1652], Tanzania K000452984
    Pirozynski, K.A. [P365], Tanzania K000452975
    Bidgood, S.C. [1709], Tanzania K000452981
    Bidgood, S.C. [1855], Tanzania K000452983
    Ngoundai [188], Tanzania K000452965
    Ujor, E.U. [29254], Cameroon K000180865

    First published in Linnaea 34: 194 (1865)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barberá, P., Velayos, M. & Aedo, C. (2013). Annotated checklist and identification keys of the Acalyphoideae (Euphorbiaceae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Phytotaxa 140: 1-25.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Sierra, S.E.C., Aparicio, M., Gebraad, M.J.H., Kulju, K.K.M. & van Welzen, P.C. (2007). The morphological range in Mallotus (Euphorbiaceae) and a taxonomic revision of its sections Rottleropsis (including Axenfeldia) in Malesia, Thailand and Africa Blumea 52: 21-113.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Harris, D.J. (2002). The vascular plants of the Dzanga-Sangha Reserve, Central African Republic: 1-274. National Botanic Garden (Belgium), Meise.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Chev. Bot. 579.
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Euph. 7: 158, fig. 23 A
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 928 (incl. vars.)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Barberá, P., Velayos, M. & Aedo, C. (2013). Annotated checklist and identification keys of the Acalyphoideae (Euphorbiaceae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Phytotaxa 140: 1-25.
    • GBIF (2008- continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Harris, D.J. (2002). The vascular plants of the Dzanga-Sangha Reserve, Central African Republic: 1-274. National Botanic Garden (Belgium), Meise.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0