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  1. Family: Aizoaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Aizoon L.
      1. Aizoon canariense L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, N. Africa to S. Pakistan and S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Aïzoaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1961

    Habit
    A prostrate often rather thick-stemmed and tough annual or perennial herb.
    Stem
    Stem pilose, often also finely papillose, 1–5 mm. diameter, 0.5–30 cm. long or more.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate; blade suborbicular to oblanceolate-obovate, rounded obtuse or bluntly subacuminate at apex, decurrent into the petiole at the base, more or less pilose on both sides, entire, 6–40 mm. long, 2–40 mm. broad; petiole 3–16 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in leaf-axils or in the forks of the branches, sessile, often numerous.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes 5 (rarely 4) triangular, acute, yellowish inside, greenish or reddish and pilose outside.
    Stamens
    Stamens about 12–15, inserted on the calyx-tube in fascicles at the bases of the sinuses between the calyx-lobes.
    Style
    Styles short, deciduous.
    Fruits
    Fruit usually red or pink, pentagonal (rarely tetragonal) stelliform, depressed centrally, 5–8 mm. diameter, splitting into 5 (rarely 4) valves, the valves as many as the carpels, inflexed and remaining attached to the centre of the ovary.
    Seeds
    Seeds many, reniform, concentrically ridged.
    Figures
    Fig. 11/1–2, p. 33.
    Habitat
    “In a small crater”
    Distribution
    tropical and North Africa from the Atlantic Islands and Cape Verde to Arabia and Baluchistan, in the drier regionsalso Portuguese East Africa, South and South West Africa K1
    [FZ]

    Aizoaceae, M. L. Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    A prostrate often rather thick and many-stemmed annual or perennial herb.
    Stem
    Stem up to c. 40 cm. long, pilose, often also finely papillose.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, leaf-lamina 8–70 × 4–45 mm., suborbicular to oblanceolate-obovate, rounded or bluntly subacuminate at apex, decurrent into the petiole at base, ± pilose on both sides, entire, with petiole 3–18 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in leaf-axils or in forks of the branches, sessile, often numerous.
    Perianth
    Perianth segments 5, c. 3 mm. long, triangular, acute, yellowish inside, greenish or reddish and pilose outside.
    Stamens
    Stamens c. 12–15, inserted on calyx-tube in fascicles at the base of the sinuses between calyx-lobes.
    Pistil
    Ovary 5-locular; styles 5, short; stigmas 5.
    Fruits
    Fruit 5–9 mm. in diameter, usually red or pink, pentagonal, stellate, depressed centrally, splitting into 5 valves, these inflexed and remaining attached to the centre of the ovary.
    Seeds
    Seeds ?, reniform, concentrically ridged.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Free State, Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tunisia, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Aizoon canariense L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 488 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, H. (2014). Illustrated Flora of Lebanon, ed. 2: 1-610. CNRS Publication.
    • Llewellyn, O.A., Hall, M., Miller, A.G., Al-Abbasi, T.M., Al-Wetaid, A.H., Al-Harbi, R.J. & Al-Shammari, K.F. (2011). Important plant areas in the Arabian peninsula: 4. Jabal Aja Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 199-224.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
    • Dobignard, A., Jacquemoud, F. & Jordan, D. (1992). Matériaux pour la conaissance floristique du Sahara occidental et l'Anti-Atlas méridional. I. Pteridophyta à Rosaceae Candollea 47: 113-179.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Daoud, H.S. in Al-Rawi, A. (1985). Flora of Kuwait 1: 1-224. Alden Press Ltd., U.K.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedge, I.C. & Lamond, J.M. (1975). Flora Iranica 113: 1-8. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
    • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
    • Guinea, E. (1948). Catálogo razonado de las plantas del Sáhara Español Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 8: 357-429.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, H. (2014). Illustrated Flora of Lebanon, ed. 2: 1-610. CNRS Publication.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Daoud, H.S. in Al-Rawi, A. (1985). Flora of Kuwait 1: 1-224. Alden Press Ltd., U.K.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jeffrey, C. (1961). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Aïzoaceae: 1-35.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • F. W. Andr., Fl. Pl. Anglo-Egypt. Sudan 1: 95 (1950).
    • Hutch. & Dalz., Flora of West Tropical Africa 1: 115 (1927).
    • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 583 (1871).
    • L., Sp. Pl.: 488 (1753).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/