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This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, N. Africa to S. Pakistan and S. Africa.
Aizoon canariense

[FTEA]

Aïzoaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1961

Morphology General Habit
A prostrate often rather thick-stemmed and tough annual or perennial herb.
Morphology Stem
Stem pilose, often also finely papillose, 1–5 mm. diameter, 0.5–30 cm. long or more.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, petiolate; blade suborbicular to oblanceolate-obovate, rounded obtuse or bluntly subacuminate at apex, decurrent into the petiole at the base, more or less pilose on both sides, entire, 6–40 mm. long, 2–40 mm. broad; petiole 3–16 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary in leaf-axils or in the forks of the branches, sessile, often numerous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes 5 (rarely 4) triangular, acute, yellowish inside, greenish or reddish and pilose outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens about 12–15, inserted on the calyx-tube in fascicles at the bases of the sinuses between the calyx-lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles short, deciduous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit usually red or pink, pentagonal (rarely tetragonal) stelliform, depressed centrally, 5–8 mm. diameter, splitting into 5 (rarely 4) valves, the valves as many as the carpels, inflexed and remaining attached to the centre of the ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds many, reniform, concentrically ridged.
Figures
Fig. 11/1–2, p. 33.
Habitat
“In a small crater”
Distribution
tropical and North Africa from the Atlantic Islands and Cape Verde to Arabia and Baluchistan, in the drier regionsalso Portuguese East Africa, South and South West Africa K1

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or short-lived perennial herb
Morphology Stem
Stems prostrate, thick and tough, pilose and finely papillose, mostly part of the largely apparently monochasial inflorescence
Morphology Leaves
Leaves very regularly alternate, flat on the ground; petiole 3–16 mm long; leaf-blade suborbicular to oblanceolate, up to 4 x 4 cm, base decurrent into petiole, tip rounded to bluntly subacuminate, pilose above and below
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers (4–)5-merous, apparently solitary in axils or forks of branches, sessile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals acute, yellowish inside, reddish or green and pilose outside
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 12–15 in groups alternating with tepals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles short, soon lost
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (4–)5-sided/star-shaped, 5–8 mm diam., depressed in centre, opening by (4–)5 inflexed valves which remain attached near the centre
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds many, reniform, concentrically ridged.
Distribution
N1–3 Eritrea, Sudan, N Kenya, west through northern Africa to Atlantic Islands, Arabia, Pakistan, Mozambique, South Africa, Namibia.
Ecology
Altitude range 700–1100 m.

[FZ]

Aizoaceae, M. L. Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
A prostrate often rather thick and many-stemmed annual or perennial herb.
Morphology Stem
Stem up to c. 40 cm. long, pilose, often also finely papillose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, leaf-lamina 8–70 × 4–45 mm., suborbicular to oblanceolate-obovate, rounded or bluntly subacuminate at apex, decurrent into the petiole at base, ± pilose on both sides, entire, with petiole 3–18 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary in leaf-axils or in forks of the branches, sessile, often numerous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 5, c. 3 mm. long, triangular, acute, yellowish inside, greenish or reddish and pilose outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens c. 12–15, inserted on calyx-tube in fascicles at the base of the sinuses between calyx-lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 5-locular; styles 5, short; stigmas 5.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 5–9 mm. in diameter, usually red or pink, pentagonal, stellate, depressed centrally, splitting into 5 valves, these inflexed and remaining attached to the centre of the ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ?, reniform, concentrically ridged.

Native to:

Algeria, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Free State, Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tunisia, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Aizoon canariense L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 488 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Daoud, H.S. in Al-Rawi, A. (1985). Flora of Kuwait 1: 1-224. Alden Press Ltd., U.K.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dobignard, A., Jacquemoud, F. & Jordan, D. (1992). Matériaux pour la conaissance floristique du Sahara occidental et l'Anti-Atlas méridional. I. Pteridophyta à Rosaceae Candollea 47: 113-179.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Guinea, E. (1948). Catálogo razonado de las plantas del Sáhara Español Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 8: 357-429.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Hedge, I.C. & Lamond, J.M. (1975). Flora Iranica 113: 1-8. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Llewellyn, O.A., Hall, M., Miller, A.G., Al-Abbasi, T.M., Al-Wetaid, A.H., Al-Harbi, R.J. & Al-Shammari, K.F. (2011). Important plant areas in the Arabian peninsula: 4. Jabal Aja Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 199-224.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
  • Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, H. (2014). Illustrated Flora of Lebanon, ed. 2: 1-610. CNRS Publication.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Daoud, H.S. in Al-Rawi, A. (1985). Flora of Kuwait 1: 1-224. Alden Press Ltd., U.K.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Jeffrey, C. (1961). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Aïzoaceae: 1-35.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, H. (2014). Illustrated Flora of Lebanon, ed. 2: 1-610. CNRS Publication.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. G. Gilbert [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • F. W. Andr., Fl. Pl. Anglo-Egypt. Sudan 1: 95 (1950).
  • Hutch. & Dalz., Flora of West Tropical Africa 1: 115 (1927).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 488 (1753).
  • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 583 (1871).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/