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This species is accepted, and its native range is Dry Tropical & S. Africa to India.
Corbichonia decumbens

[FZ]

Molluginaceae, M. L. Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Erect, procumbent, prostrate or prostrate-ascending annual or short-lived perennial succulent herb up to 50 cm. high, sometimes with woody rootstock.
Morphology Stem
Stems branched, often sub-woody at base, sometimes very long, the internodes with narrow ridges decurrent from the petiole bases.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, petiolate, fleshy; laminas 4–60 × 3–36 mm., oblanceolate-obovate, obovate-spathulate, obovate or orbicular, entire, apex apiculate, base cuneate, glaucous, sometimes turning purple; petiole 1–13 mm. long, winged.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences at first terminal but then overtopped and appearing lateral, up to c. 20 cm. long, few-many-flowered, loose, racemose, with lanceolate, membranous bracts up to 3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pink, mauve or magenta, shortly pedicellate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-segments C. 4 mm. long in fruit, herbaceous, with white membranous margins, broadly ovate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Staminodes many, petaloid, membranous, fugacious, finally longer than perianth-segments.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens in 2 whorls.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit yellowish-green, shining, c. as long as perianth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds purplish-black, concentrically ridged, with white aril.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with ± concentric lines of tubercles.
Distribution
N1, 2 widespread in drier parts of tropical Asia and Africa.
Ecology
Altitude range 375–1300 m.
Morphology General Habit
Erect or, more often, decumbent to prostrate herb to 45 cm high; roots and stem bases subwoody
Morphology Stem
Stems to 1 m long, internodes with ridges decurrent from leaf-bases
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole winged, up to 11 mm long; leaf-blade ± obovate, up to 65 x 33(–36) mm, base cuneate, tip apiculate, glaucous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes lax, few- to many-flowered, somewhat raceme-like; bracts lanceolate, up to 3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 2–3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals c. 4 mm long in fruit, ovate with broad white margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Staminodes pink, mauve or purple, eventually longer than sepals, conspicuous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule subglobose, yellow-green, shiny

[FTEA]

Aïzoaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1961

Morphology General Habit
An erect, decumbent or prostrate glabrous annual or short-lived perennial herb up to 45 cm. high.
Morphology Stem
Stems branched, wiry, often (like the rootstock) subwoody at the base, up to 100 cm. long, the internodes with narrow ridges decurrent from the petiole-bases.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; blade oblanceolate-obovate, obovate-spathulate, or obovate, 4.5–65 mm. long, 2–33 mm. broad, entire, subsucculent, glaucous, apex apiculate, base cuneate; the petiole winged, 1.5–11 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal but overtopped and thus appearing lateral, leaf-opposed, few- to many-flowered, lax, racemiform, 1–17 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts lanceolate, membranous, up to 3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 2–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pink, mauve, magenta or red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals herbaceous, green with white membranous margins, broadly ovate, about 4 mm. long in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Staminodes many, petaloid, delicately membranous, fugaceous, at first shorter, then longer than the sepals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens many, in 2 rings.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit yellow-green, shining.
Figures
Fig. 3, p. 10.
Habitat
Open bushland, grassland and also a weed of roadsides and of cultivation, especially on sandy soils; 0–1080 m.
Distribution
widespread in drier parts of tropical Asia and Africaintroduced into tropical America K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K7 T2 T3 T4 T6 T8 U1 U3 U4

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, India, Iran, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Corbichonia decumbens (Forssk.) Exell appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Faulkner, H. [1589], Tanzania 5007.000
Peters [8], Mozambique K000232039

First published in J. Bot. 73: 80 (1935)

Accepted by

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2003). Flora of Oman 1: 1-262. National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Meise.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Jeffrey, C. (1961). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Aïzoaceae: 1-35.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Jeffrey, C. (1961). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Aïzoaceae: 1-35.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. G. Gilbert [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Exell in Journal of Botany 73: 80 (1935).
  • F. W. Andr., Fl. Pl. Anglo-Egypt. Sudan 1: 91, fig. 59 (1950).
  • Hauman, Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 104 (1951).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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