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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.
Allophylus cobbe

[FTEA]

Sapindaceae, Davies & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1998

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs or woody climbers, monoecious or dioecious
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 1–3(–4)-foliolate, often minutely glandular beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small, slightly irregular, sessile or shortly pedicellate, in several-flowered cymules which are densely or more openly placed along simple raceme-like axes or branched axes thus appearing paniculate; cymules sessile or shortly stalked
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4, unequal, imbricate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4, spathulate with internal ciliate scale.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk unilateral, 2–4-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8, placed to one side of the disk; reduced to staminodes in female flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 2–3-locular, deeply 2–3-lobed, the lobes subglobose, with 1 basal ovule in each; style semigynobasic, 2–3(–4)-fid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit usually red, 1–2(–3)-lobed and seeded, drupe-like, the abortive lobes not persisting
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds straw-coloured, ellipsoid to globose, without an aril.

[FZ]

Sapindaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (1) 3-foliolate, usually minutely glandular beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a racemoid or paniculate thyrse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers monoecious (? rarely polygamo-dioecious) usually male and female in the same inflorescence (the female usually apparently hermaphrodite but the anthers sterile), small, greenish, white or yellowish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4, the 2 outer ones larger, imbricate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4, clavate or spathulate with an emarginate apex, each with a usually (always in our species) hairy scale.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk unilateral, usually 4-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Stamens 8 (rarely fewer), slightly connate at the base, somewhat shorter in the female flowers (staminodes).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary deeply 2–3-lobed; loculi 1-ovulate; style 2–3-fid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit drupaceous, of 2–3 cocci or frequently of 1 coccus by abortion.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds obovoid, without arillodes, usually (always in our species) glabrous.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs or woody climbers, monoecious or dioecious
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (1–)3-foliolate, glandular, often associated with tufts of hairs in the axils of the main nerves beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, raceme-like or paniculate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers slightly irregular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4, white to cream, spathulate, with a hairy scale on the inside near the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk unilateral, 4-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2–3-celled, deeply 2–3-lobed; cells with 1 basal ovule; style semi-gynobasic, 2–3(–4)-fid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a 1–2(–3)-lobed drupe
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ellipsoid to globose, straw-coloured, without arillode.
Distribution
About 200 species, widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions.
Note
The flowers and fruits of this taxonomically difficult genus are very uniform, and the vegetative parts of many species are very variable. Leenhouts in Blumea 15: 301–358 (1967) united all the species into a single “superspecies”, and proposed that regional variants are best treated as “races” without formal taxonomic status. This view has been followed by Capuron in Mém. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat., Paris 19: 53–68 (1969), but has not been accepted in modern African floras.

Native to:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Allophylus L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [7606], Cameroon K000197922
Meikle, R.D. [646], Nigeria 11499.000
Ash [957], Ethiopia 37245.000
Pennington, T.D. [12371], Peru 53645.000
Pennington, T.D. [12372], Peru 53648.000
Pennington, T.D. [12335], Peru 53649.000
Pennington, T.D. [12358], Peru 53651.000
Pennington, T.D. [12333], Peru 54558.000
Pollard, B.J. [1380], Cameroon 76097.000
Wilde, J.J.F.E. de [8411], Cameroon K000093226
Maitland, T.D. [1462], Cameroon K000093207
Maitland, T.D. [1462], Cameroon K000093206

First published in Sp. Pl.: 348 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Radlk. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Sapindac. 455 (1932).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 348 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 164 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 348 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by I. Friis & K. Vollesen [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 164 (1754)
  • Leenh. in Blumea 15: 301–358 (1967)
  • Radlk. in E.P. IV, 165: 455 (1932)
  • Sp. Pl.: 348 (1753)
  • in Fl. Males., ser. 1, 11: 459–465 (1994)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0