1. Family: Sapindaceae Juss.
    1. Allophylus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FTEA]

    Sapindaceae, Davies & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1998

    Habit
    Trees, shrubs or woody climbers, monoecious or dioecious
    Leaves
    Leaves 1–3(–4)-foliolate, often minutely glandular beneath
    Flowers
    Flowers small, slightly irregular, sessile or shortly pedicellate, in several-flowered cymules which are densely or more openly placed along simple raceme-like axes or branched axes thus appearing paniculate; cymules sessile or shortly stalked
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, unequal, imbricate.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, spathulate with internal ciliate scale.
    Disc
    Disk unilateral, 2–4-lobed
    Stamens
    Stamens 8, placed to one side of the disk; reduced to staminodes in female flowers
    Pistil
    Ovary 2–3-locular, deeply 2–3-lobed, the lobes subglobose, with 1 basal ovule in each; style semigynobasic, 2–3(–4)-fid
    Fruits
    Fruit usually red, 1–2(–3)-lobed and seeded, drupe-like, the abortive lobes not persisting
    Seeds
    Seeds straw-coloured, ellipsoid to globose, without an aril.
    [FZ]

    Sapindaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Trees or shrubs.
    Leaves
    Leaves (1) 3-foliolate, usually minutely glandular beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a racemoid or paniculate thyrse.
    Flowers
    Flowers monoecious (? rarely polygamo-dioecious) usually male and female in the same inflorescence (the female usually apparently hermaphrodite but the anthers sterile), small, greenish, white or yellowish.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, the 2 outer ones larger, imbricate.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, clavate or spathulate with an emarginate apex, each with a usually (always in our species) hairy scale.
    Disc
    Disk unilateral, usually 4-lobed.
    Androecium
    Stamens 8 (rarely fewer), slightly connate at the base, somewhat shorter in the female flowers (staminodes).
    Pistil
    Ovary deeply 2–3-lobed; loculi 1-ovulate; style 2–3-fid.
    Fruits
    Fruit drupaceous, of 2–3 cocci or frequently of 1 coccus by abortion.
    Seeds
    Seeds obovoid, without arillodes, usually (always in our species) glabrous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Allophylus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [7606], Cameroon K000197922
    Ash [957], Ethiopia 37245.000
    Meikle, R.D. [646], Nigeria 11499.000
    Maitland, T.D. [1462], Cameroon K000093206
    Maitland, T.D. [1462], Cameroon K000093207
    Pennington, T.D. [12371], Peru 53645.000
    Pennington, T.D. [12372], Peru 53648.000
    Pennington, T.D. [12335], Peru 53649.000
    Pennington, T.D. [12358], Peru 53651.000
    Pennington, T.D. [12333], Peru 54558.000
    Pollard, B.J. [1380], Cameroon 76097.000
    Wilde, J.J.F.E. de [8411], Cameroon K000093226

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 348 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Radlk. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Sapindac. 455 (1932).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 348 (1753)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 164 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 348 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in Fl. Males., ser. 1, 11: 459–465 (1994)
    • Leenh. in Blumea 15: 301–358 (1967)
    • Radlk. in E.P. IV, 165: 455 (1932)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 164 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 348 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0