1. Family: Sapindaceae Juss.
    1. Eriocoelum Hook.f.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Sapindaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Large or small trees or shrubs.
    Leaves
    Leaves paripinnate, shortly petiolate or sub-sessile; leaflets 2–5-jugate, lowest pair often resembling stipules.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a terminal or axillary paniculate or racemoid thyrse.
    Flowers
    Flowers spuriously polygamous, often monoecious, actinomorphic.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, almost free.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, each with a short broad pilose or pubescent scale.
    Disc
    Disk patelliform or collar-like with a free scarious margin.
    Androecium
    Stamens 8; staminodes shorter in the female flowers.
    Ovary
    Ovary 3-locular, densely hairy, loculi 1-ovulate; pistillode subglobose in the male flowers.
    Fruits
    Fruit capsular, 3-gonous, 3-locular, loculicidally dehiscent, valves lanuginous at the base within.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1 per loculus, ellipsoid, with an arillode at the base.
    [FTEA]

    Sapindaceae, Davies & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1998

    Habit
    Monoecious or dioecious trees or shrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves paripinnate; leaflets in 2–5 pairs, petiolate or sometimes almost sessile with lowest pair ± stipuliform; other leaflets large, opposite or alternate, sometimes with translucent dots
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences paniculate or sometimes ± simply pseudoracemose, terminal or subterminal, always a few flowers of opposite sex in male and female inflorescences
    Flowers
    Flowers regular; sepals 5; petals 5, 2–5×as long as sepals; limb narrowly elliptic or lanceolate with a very short claw, scales much shorter than petals and often wider, not adnate, hairy; disk collar- or muff-shaped, funnel-like, often with sinuous margin
    Stamens
    Stamens 8, ± as long as petals; filaments ± hairy or glabrous; staminodes 8, shorter than the petals
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, 3-locular, each locule 1-ovulate; style thick, simple; rudimentary ovary reduced to a few hairs
    Fruits
    Fruit capsular, ± globose, ± 3-angular, woody, loculicidally dehiscent; endocarp coloured, with tuft of fawn hairs at base of valves
    Seeds
    Seeds erect, ovoid, smooth, with lobed orange or red arillode.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Eriocoelum Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1976 Letouzey, R. [14832], Cameroon K000093391

    First published in G.Bentham & J.D.Hooker, Gen. Pl. 1: 400 (1862)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Radlk. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Sapindac. 1150 (1933).
    • –F.T.A. 1: 427
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Benth. & Hook., Gen. Pl. 1, 1: 400 (1862).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Radlk. in E.P. IV, 165: 1150 (1933)
    • G.P. 1: 400 (1862)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0