1. Family: Sapindaceae Juss.
    1. Paullinia L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America, Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Sapindaceae, Davies & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1998

    Habit
    Monoecious slender woody climbers, often with coiled tendrils at the base of the inflorescence
    Leaves
    Leaves often stipulate, petiolate, variously compound, the petiole and rhachis commonly winged
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an axillary (or cauliflorous in America) thyrse, simple, branched or clustered
    Flowers
    Flowers slightly zygomorphic; sepals 5; petals 4 with scale prominent; disk reduced to little more than a unilateral pair of glands outside the stamens
    Stamens
    Stamens and staminodes 8; anthers glabrous; filaments pilose, connate at the base
    Pistil
    Ovary 3-locular with 1 ovule per locule; style trifid
    Fruits
    Fruit a 3-valved obovoid capsule, often winged (not in Africa), sometimes spiny, dehiscing into 3 valves
    Seeds
    Seeds borne on the central axis, black, arillate.
    [FZ]

    Sapindaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Woody climbers usually with paired spirally coiled tendrils arising at the apex of the peduncle; stems cable-like appearing to be composed of several coalescent axes (see t. 102 fig. 3).
    Leaves
    Leaves stipulate, imparipinnate; leaflets 2-jugate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a paniculate or racemoid thyrse.
    Flowers
    Flowers spuriously polygamous, zygomorphic.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, unequal, the 2 inner ones connate at the base.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, unequal, each with a large cucullate scale with an apical appendage.
    Disc
    Disk unilateral, with 4 glands.
    Stamens
    Stamens 8, excentric, reduced or absent in the female flowers; filaments shortly connate at the base.
    Pistil
    Ovary 3-locular, loculi 1-ovulate; style 3-fid; pistillode very reduced in the male flowers.
    Fruits
    Fruit capsular, 3-gonous or 3-winged; loculi 1-seeded; dehiscence septicidal.
    Seeds
    Seed with a fleshy arillode.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Argentina Northeast, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Gulf of Guinea Is.

    Paullinia L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Peru 44869.000
    Cazalet, P. [7633], Ecuador 6480.000
    Cazalet, P. [5159], Ecuador 6637.000
    Mann, G. [13], Cameroon K000181772

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 365 (1753)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Radlk. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Sapindac. 219 (1931).
    • —F.T.A. 1: 419
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 170 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 365 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in E.P. IV, 165: 219 (1931)
    • Radlk., Monogr. Paullinia: 67–381(1895)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 170 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 365 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0