1. Family: Achariaceae Harms
    1. Genus: Xylotheca Hochst.
      1. Xylotheca tettensis (Klotzsch) Gilg

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Tanzania to Mozambique.

    [FZ]

    Flacourtiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree up to c. 5 m. tall, young branches densely yellowish-pilose with rather long hairs, puberulous with short hairs, or glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves appearing just before the flowers; lamina 1.5–10 x 0.8–7.5 cm., obovate or obovate-oblong, apex rounded, base rounded or subcordate, margin entire or undulate, quite glabrous or sparsely or densely pilose on both sides, lateral nerves in 4–8 pairs, prominent below, looping within the margin, venation reticulate and sub-prominent below; petiole up to 1.5 cm. long or rarely up to 3 cm. long on old leaves.
    Flowers
    Flowers usually solitary but occasionally in 1–3-flowered cymes in the leaf-axils or terminal on the branchlets; peduncle short, glabrous to densely pubescent; pedicels similar, up to 3.5 cm. long with deltoid, caducous, pubescent bracts at the base c. 2 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals 3 (4), 2 x 1.5–2 cm., rotund to orbicular, rounded at the apex, margins membranous, from glabrous to densely pubescent outside but always with some resinous glands.
    Corolla
    Petals 7–12, white, up to 4.5 x 2.4 cm., narrowly obovate, rounded at the apex, cuneate to a shortly clawed base, glabrous.
    Stamens
    Stamens very numerous on glabrous filaments up to 10 mm. long; anthers c. 6 mm. long, linear.
    Pistil
    Ovary urceolate, ± densely pilose, smooth or longitudinally sulcate; style up to 1 cm. long, columnar, pilose below, stigmas recurved, up to 2 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit woody, subglobose or ovoid, smooth or with c. 14 longitudinal ridges, glabrous or pubescent, splitting into c. 8 longitudinal segments, style-base persisting as a woody point.
    Seeds
    Seeds many, ellipsoid, pale brown or buff, smooth or rugose, embedded in a thin scarlet pulp.
    [FTEA]

    Flacourtiaceae, H. Sleumer (Rijksherbarium, Leiden). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree, 1–2(–5) m. tall; young branches densely yellowish hairy or glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves appearing just before the flowers; blade obovate or obovate-oblong, apex rounded, base rounded or subcordate, chartaceous in the adult stage, glabrous to densely pubescent on both faces, entire or undulate, (1.5–)2–9(–11) cm. long, 0.6–6(–8) cm. broad; lateral nerves 4–8 pairs, looping within the edge, somewhat prominent beneath as is the reticulation; petiole up to 1.5(–3) cm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers usually solitary, occasionally in 2–3-flowered cymes in the leaf-axils or terminal on (abbreviated) branchlets; peduncle short; pedicels up to 2 cm. long; basal bracts deltoid, caducous, ± 2 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals (3 or) 4, oblong-suborbicular, the margin membranous, glabrous to pubescent and with resinous glands outside, 1–2 cm. long, (0.6–)1–1.5(–2) cm. broad.
    Corolla
    Petals 7–12, narrowly obovate, cuneate to a shortly clawed base, glabrous, up to 4.5 cm. long and 2.4 cm. broad.
    Stamens
    Stamens numerous; filaments glabrous, up to 1 cm. long; anthers linear, (3–)4–6 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary ovoid, densely hairy, smooth or longitudinally sulcate; style columnar, pilose below, up to 1 cm. long; stigmas recurved, ± 2 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit woody, subglobose to ovoid, yellowish hairy to glabrous, smooth or sulcate, ± 3.5–4 cm. long and 1.7–2.5 cm. across, splitting into ± 8 longitudinal segments.
    Seeds
    Seeds many, ellipsoid, pale brown or buff, smooth or rugose, glabrous, not obviously arillate but embedded in a thin edible pulp.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania

    Xylotheca tettensis (Klotzsch) Gilg appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 40: 456 (1908)

    Accepted by

    • Sleumer, H. (1975). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Flacourtiaceae: 1-68.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 274 (1960).
    • Wild in Bol. Soc. Brot., ser. 2, 32 : 53 (1958)
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 237 (1949).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 567 (1921).
    • Gilg in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 40: 456 (1908).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0