1. Family: Balsaminaceae A.Rich.
    1. Genus: Impatiens Riv. ex L.
      1. Impatiens balsamina L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. & S. India, Sri Lanka. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.

    [FTEA]

    Balsaminaceae, C. Grey-Wilson. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Annual herb to 60 cm. tall, often less; stem ± erect, simple or sparsely branched, glabrous or pubescent when young.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, the lowermost occasionally opposite; petiole 2–13 mm. long; lamina narrowly lanceolate to narrow-elliptic or oblanceolate, 2.7–9 cm. long, 1.1–2.6 cm. broad, the base cuneate, the apex acute, glabrous or finely pubescent above and/or beneath; lateral veins 4–7 pairs; margin serrate-dentate with several dark ± sessile glands towards the base of the lamina.
    Flowers
    Flowers epedunculate, solitary or in fascicles of 2–3, white or pink.
    Bracts
    Bracts linear-lanceolate, ± 2 mm. long, inconspicuous.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 1–1.6 cm. long, slender, glabrous or pubescent, spreading in flower but becoming pendent in fruit.
    Calyx
    Lower sepal deeply navicular, 1.3–1.9 cm. long, 0.4–0.8 cm. deep, abruptly constricted into a 1.3–2.4 cm. long filiform spur, incurved in the distal half, glabrous or finely pubescent throughout or or in part. Lateral sepals 2, narrowly ovate-lanceolate, 2–3 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Dorsal petal 1–1.4 cm. long, 0.7–1.1 cm. broad, cucullate, apically produced into a 2–4 mm. long pointed appendage. Lateral united petals 2.3–3.5 cm. long; upper petal of each pair about one-third the size of the lower, oblong, 9–10 mm. long, 7–9 mm. broad; lower petal of each pair suborbicular, 18–27 mm. long, 18–25 mm. broad, unevenly bilobed.
    Ovary
    Ovary densely pubescent.
    Fruits
    Fruit broadly-fusiform, 12–20 mm. long, 6–8 mm. broad, densely pubescent.
    Habitat
    Usually growing near habitation, along road and tracksides, or along ditches, or on or near cultivated land, occasionally naturalised in secondary forest or scrubland.
    Distribution
    K4 T1 a native of tropical Asia but widely naturalised in the tropics and subtropicsin Africa in Sierra Leone, Ghana, Cameroun, S. Tomé, Principé, Zaire to Malawi and Mozambique
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Distribution
    Cultivated in Colombia.
    Habit
    Herb.
    Ecology
    Alt. 50 - 2100 m.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 50 - 2100 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe.
    Habit
    Hierba
    [FZ]

    Balsaminaceae, E. Launert. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Annual (?) herb; stem up to 60 cm. high or more, usually simple, erect, younger parts somewhat pilose, older ones glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, very shortly petiolate or sessile; lamina 5–8 × 1·5–2·6 cm., oblanceolate, chartaceous, bright green, glabrous on both surfaces, or only younger ones very sparsely pilose, with 1 or 2 pairs of marginal circular glands near the base, apex acute, margin crenulate-denticulate, base narrowly cuneate; secondary nerves 4–7 pairs, ± prominent beneath; petiole up to 3 mm. long, canaliculate.
    Flowers
    Flowers in few-flowered axillary fascicles, rarely solitary, white; bracts very short, ovate; pedicels 1–1·5 cm. long, slender, pilose or sometimes glabrescent.
    Calyx
    Lateral sepals c. 2·5 × 1·2 mm., ovate-oblong, acute, glabrous; posterior sepal 13–17 mm. long, 0·4–0·6 mm. deep (excluding the spur), pilose, abruptly constricted into the spur, distally acute; spur 16–20 mm. long, incurved, slender, tapering towards a slightly thickened end, shortly pilose or glabrous (see t. 26 fig. 4).
    Corolla
    Anterior petal c. 10 × 10 mm. (when flattened), very narrowly cristate towards the apex, with the crest terminating in an acute point, somewhat pilose. Lateral united pair of petals 23–27 mm. long, deeply 2-lobed; anterior lobe c. 18 × 20 mm., broadly transverse-elliptic to sub-circular, distally slightly emarginate; posterior lobe 1/2–2/3 the size of the anterior one, obtusely deltoid.
    Ovary
    Ovary densely tomentose.
    Fruits
    Capsule 12–17 (20) mm. long, ovate-triangular to elliptic in outline, acute, densely tomentose (see t. 26 fig. 26).
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, glabrous (?).
    [UPB]
    Materials
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).
    Unspecified Materials Chemicals
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    India, Sri Lanka

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Andaman Is., Austria, Bangladesh, Benin, Brazil South, Cameroon, Central European Rus, Chagos Archipelago, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, France, Galápagos, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, Laccadive Is., Leeward Is., Madeira, Mauritius, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Niue, Oman, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Society Is., Solomon Is., Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tibet, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Windward Is., Zaïre

    Impatiens balsamina L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 22, 2014 [Dublin] [s.n.], Borneo K000675662 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1974 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Kenya K000419536
    Barber, C.A. [5016], India K000694985
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4731] K001039785
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4735], India Impatiens arcuata K001039793
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 4733], India Impatiens cornuta K001039790
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 4733], Myanmar Impatiens cornuta K001039791
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4733] Impatiens cornuta K001039788
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4733] Impatiens cornuta K001039789

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 938 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Seregin, A.P. (2014). Flora of Vladimir Oblast, Russia: grid data analysis: 1-441. KMK schientific press, Moscow.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Bhaskar, V. (2012). Taxonomic monograph on Impatiens L. (Balsaminaceae) of Western Ghats, South India. The key genus for endemism: 1-283. Centre for Plant Taxonomic Studies, Bangalore.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Dessai, J.R.N. & Janarthanam, M.K. (2011). The genus Impatiens (Balsaminaceae) in the northern and parts of central Western Ghats Rheedea 21: 23-80.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Maliya, S.D. & Datt, B. (2010). A contribution to the flora of Katarniyaghat wildlife sanctuary, Baharaich district, Uttar Pradesh Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 34: 42-68.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Chakrabarty, T. (2009). A checklist of the genus Impatiens L. (Balsaminaceae) for Sikkim state Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 205-215.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
    • Grey-Wilson, C. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Balsaminaceae: 1-76.
    • Ovchinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1981). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 6: 1-725. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1979). Flore des Mascareignes 64-68: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.
    • Vvedensky, A.I. (ed.) (1959). Flora Uzbekistana 4: 1-507. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Kew's Economic Botany collection in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/
    • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Seregin, A.P. (2014). Flora of Vladimir Oblast, Russia: grid data analysis: 1-441. KMK schientific press, Moscow.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Dessai, J.R.N. & Janarthanam, M.K. (2011). The genus Impatiens (Balsaminaceae) in the northern and parts of central Western Ghats Rheedea 21: 23-80.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Chakrabarty, T. (2009). A checklist of the genus Impatiens L. (Balsaminaceae) for Sikkim state Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 205-215.
    • GBIF (2008-continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
    • Grey-Wilson, C. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Balsaminaceae: 1-76.
    • Ovchinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1981). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 6: 1-725. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1979). Flore des Mascareignes 64-68: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Yuncker, T.G. (1959). Plants of Tonga Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 220: 1-283.
    • Vvedensky, A.I. (ed.) (1959). Flora Uzbekistana 4: 1-507. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Grey-Wilson, Impat. Afr.: 223, fig. 170 (1980).
    • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 302 (1949).
    • Exell in Cat. Vase. Pl. S. Tomé: 125 (1944).
    • L., Sp. Pl: 938 (1753).

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0