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  1. Family: Balsaminaceae A.Rich.
    1. Genus: Impatiens Riv. ex L.
      1. Impatiens flammea Gilg

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Balsaminaceae, C. Grey-Wilson. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Perennial herb to 45 cm. tall, often less, with stems arising from a crown surmounting a tuberous rootstock consisting of few–many fleshy roots, ± 2–4 mm. in diameter; stems erect, unbranched or branched in the lower half, fleshy, pale green, glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, pale green; petiole 1.5–6.2 cm. long, slender; lamina broadly ovate, ovate-elliptic or elliptic, 2.5–10 cm. long, 2.5–6 cm. broad, the apex slightly acuminate, acute, the base shortly cuneate, sparsely pubescent above, subglabrous or with a few hairs on the midrib and lateral veins beneath; lateral veins 4–8 pairs; margin coarsely crenate to crenate-dentate.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary or in fascicles of 2–3, bright flame-red, the lower sepal and spur often deep flame-red.
    Bracts
    Bracts linear-subulate, 2–4 mm. long, inconspicuous.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 3–4.9 cm. long, slender, glabrous.
    Calyx
    Lateral sepals narrowly falcate, 5–10 mm. long, acute, glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Lower sepal narrowly saccate, 7–13 mm. long, 14–20 mm. deep, abruptly constricted and incurved into an 8–18 mm. long filiform spur whose tip reaches the tip of the lower sepal or exceeds it.
    Corolla
    Lateral united petals 7–10 mm. long; upper petal of each pair oblong, 5–7 mm. long, 4–5 mm. broad, shortly apiculate; lower petal oblong or suborbicular, 4–5 mm. long, 2.5–3.5 mm. broad. Dorsal petal 8–12 mm. long, 7–11 mm. broad, cucullate, dorsally with a broad crest terminating in a short acute point.
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruit and seeds unknown.
    Figures
    Figs. 4/68, p. 8; 11, p. 70.
    Habitat
    In dense montane forest, often on mossy shaded banks; 2000–2200 m.
    Distribution
    T7 not known elsewhere

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Other Data

    Impatiens flammea Gilg appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 30: 350 (1901)

    Accepted by

    • Grey-Wilson, C. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Balsaminaceae: 1-76.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Grey-Wilson, C. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Balsaminaceae: 1-76.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Grey-Wilson, Impat. Afr.: 205, figs. 150, 151d, pls. 50, 51 (1980).
    • Gilg in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 30: 350 (1901).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0