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  1. Family: Balsaminaceae A.Rich.
    1. Genus: Impatiens Riv. ex L.
      1. Impatiens kilimanjari Oliv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania (Mt. Kilimanjaro).

    [FTEA]

    Balsaminaceae, C. Grey-Wilson. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Straggling glabrous perennial 30–40 cm. tall; stems well branched, often rooting at the lower nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaves in verticils of 3–5, rarely opposite; petiole 0.9–3.6 cm. long, slender; lamina ovate or lanceolate, (1.4–)2–10.5 cm. long, (1–) 1.5–5.5 cm. broad, apex acute or shortly acuminate, base shortly cuneate; lateral veins 4–7 pairs; margin crenate-denticulate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 1-flowered; flowers red, the lateral united petals with central yellowish or whitish zones, the spur and dorsal petal sometimes greenish.
    Peduncles
    Peduncle 2–3.2 cm. long, ± upright.
    Bracts
    Bracts 1 to each peduncle, subulate, 3.5–4.5 mm. long.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 1.7–2.2 cm. long, slender.
    Calyx
    Lateral sepals linear-lanceolate or narrowly-triangular, 4–6 mm. long, acute or shortly acuminate. Lower sepal narrowly bucciniform, 7–11 mm. long, with a slight constriction in the upper third, but gradually tapering in the distal two-thirds into an incurved spur, 23–29 mm. in length overall, apex rounded.
    Corolla
    Dorsal petal 8–10 mm. long, 4–6 mm. broad (not flattened), cucullate, dorsally with a narrow crest terminating in a short acute point. Lateral united petals 8–11 mm. long, the upper and lower petals subequal in size; upper petal transversely oblong or elliptic, 4.5–6 mm. long, 3–3.5 mm. broad; lower petal oblong, 5–7 mm. long, 2.5–4 mm. broad.
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruit narrowly fusiform, 15 mm. long, 2 mm. broad.
    Figures
    Fig. 4/57, p. 8.
    Habitat
    In uplant rain-forest in deep shade, occasionally epiphytic on mossy tree trunks, more rarely growing in exposed upland grassland; 1850–3600 m.
    Distribution
    T2 known only from Kilimanjaro

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Impatiens kilimanjari Oliv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1908 Tanzania K000419522 Unknown type material
    Grimshaw, J.M. [93960], Tanzania 72232.000

    Bibliography

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 398 (1885)

    Accepted by

    • Grey-Wilson, C. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Balsaminaceae: 1-76.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Grey-Wilson, C. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Balsaminaceae: 1-76.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Grey-Wilson, Impat. Afr.: 186, fig. 123a–g, pls. 44, 45 (1980).
    • Gilg in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 43: 103 (1909).
    • Oliv. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 21: 398 (1885).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0