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  1. Family: Balsaminaceae A.Rich.
    1. Genus: Impatiens Riv. ex L.
      1. Impatiens sodenii Engl. & Warb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to N. & E. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Balsaminaceae, C. Grey-Wilson. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Robust erect suffruticose perennial to 3 m. tall; stems thick and succulent, simple to moderately branched, glabrous, becoming woody below.
    Leaves
    Leaves in dense whorls of 6–10(–12), sessile or subsessile, rather congested towards stem tops; lamina oblanceolate, rarely oblong, (3–)5–18 cm. long, 1.8–4.8(–5.5) cm. broad, the apex obtuse to subacute, glabrous; lateral veins 7–10 pairs; margin shallowly serrate or serrulate with several fine, 1–5 mm. long fimbriae towards the base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 1(–2)-flowered, the flowers pale pink or white.
    Peduncles
    Peduncle 2.5–6(–7) cm. long.
    Bracts
    Bracts 1–3, narrow-ovate or linear-lanceolate, 2.5–5 mm. long, acute or acuminate.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 2.1–4.5 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Lateral sepals ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, 6–8 mm. long, shortly acuminate. Lower sepal narrowly and obliquely navicular, 14–18 mm. long, abruptly constricted into a (5.5–)6–9.8 cm. long filiform spur, slightly thickened at the tip.
    Corolla
    Dorsal petal broadly-obovate or suborbicular, 18–23 mm. long, 25–30 mm. broad, emarginate, dorsally with a narrow crest. Lateral united petals 30–37 mm. long; upper petal oblong or suborbicular, 21–28 mm. long, 17–27 mm. broad, emarginate, the lower petal oblong, 20–33 mm. long, 14–21 mm. broad, usually somewhat emarginate distally along the inner margin.
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruit fusiform, ± 24 mm. long, 8 mm. broad, glabrous.
    Figures
    Fig. 2/11, p. 4.
    Habitat
    Growing in damp shaded or rather exposed places, upland rain-forest, gullies, cliff ledges or on mountain ridges, often on granite rocks; 1000–2700 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K5 K7 T1 T2 T3 T5 T6 not known elsewhere

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Tanzania

    Introduced into:

    Canary Is., Ecuador, Honduras, Juan Fernández Is., Madeira, New Zealand North, Northern Provinces

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Impatiens sodenii Engl. & Warb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1976 Grey-Wilson, C. [10855], Kenya K000238984
    Jan 1, 1974 Gillett, J.B. [19361], Kenya K000238980
    Jan 1, 1974 Whitehead, M.J. [10], Kenya K000238991
    Jan 1, 1974 Wood, D. [694], Kenya K000238981
    Jan 1, 1973 Mabberley, D.J. [1325], Tanzania K000239153
    Aug 25, 1972 Newbould, J.G.B. [3587], Kenya K000238976
    Aug 24, 1972 Tweedie [3921], Kenya K000238978
    Oct 14, 1971 Pocs [6298], Tanzania K000239152
    Tanzania 31824.000
    Drummond, R.B. [4294], Kenya K000238973
    Greenway [4423], Tanzania K000239151
    Gilbert, M.G. [6362], Kenya K000238990
    Leakey, C.L. [8586], Kenya K000238986
    Friis, I. [2670], Kenya K000238974
    Gilbert [5441], Kenya K000238992
    Faden, R.B. [36], Kenya K000238971
    Faden, R.B. [289], Kenya K000238972
    Waudby, F., Kenya 38599.000
    Thulin, M. [3027], Tanzania K000239150
    Hooper, S.S. [1640], Kenya K000238993
    Congdon, T.C.E. [422], Tanzania K000239149
    Gardner, H.M. [2908], Kenya K000238970
    K000419455 Unknown type material
    K000419456 Unknown type material
    K000419457 Unknown type material
    K000419458 Unknown type material
    K000419459
    Kenya K000419460 holotype
    Kerfoot, O. [2084], Kenya K000238977
    Lindsay, R.S. [192], Kenya K000238982
    Fayad, C. [106], Kenya K000238994
    Luke, A. [11137], Kenya K000238995
    Gillett, J.B. [13898], Kenya Impatiens oliveri 11939.000
    Gillett, J.B. [13898], Kenya Impatiens oliveri K000238988
    Dale, I.R. [2422], Kenya Impatiens oliveri K000238987
    s.coll. [s.n.], Kenya Impatiens oliveri K000238975
    Kenya Impatiens uguenensis 25884.000

    Bibliography

    First published in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 253 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Grey-Wilson, C. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Balsaminaceae: 1-76.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Grey-Wilson in Impat. Afr.: 90, fig. 31, pls. 11, 12, 14, 15 (1980).
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 151 (1974).
    • Gilg in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 43: 102 (1909).
    • Engl. in P.O. A. C: 253 (1895).
    • Engl. in Abh. Preuss. Akad. Wiss.: 55 (1894)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0