1. Family: Balsaminaceae A.Rich.
    1. Genus: Impatiens Riv. ex L.
      1. Impatiens walleriana Hook.f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to S. Tropical Africa. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.

    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 200 - 2800 m.
    Distribution
    Cultivated and naturalised in Colombia.
    Habit
    Herb.
    [FTEA]

    Balsaminaceae, C. Grey-Wilson. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Rather succulent perennial 30–70(–80) cm. tall; stems simple or branched, often forming flat-topped or rounded plants, glabrous, rarely slightly pubescent at the shoot apices, green or reddish-tinged, occasionally rooting at the lower nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged; petiole (1–)3–6(–8) cm. long, with 1–3 extra-floral nectaries scattered along the length; lamina broadly elliptical or ovate to oblong-elliptical or oblong-ovate, (2.5–)4–13(–14) cm. long, (2–)2.5–5.5(–7.5) cm. broad, rather translucent (not always so!), often reddish tinged, the base cuneate, often abruptly so, rarely ± rounded, the apex acute, acuminate or somewhat cuspidate, glabrous; margin crenate or crenate-denticulate; lateral veins 5–8 pairs.
    Flowers
    Flowers in axillary racemes, usually 2–3(–5)-flowered, sometimes 1-flowered, but then ‘pedicel’ always with a bract near the middle, very variable in colour and size, orange, scarlet or crimson-red, pink, mauve, purplish, violet, or occasionally white, the sepals often whitish or greenish white.
    Peduncles
    Peduncle (2–)3.2–5(–6.5) cm. long, glabrous or somewhat pubescent.
    Bracts
    Bracts usually at least 2, often more than the number of flowers, linear-lanceolate or subulate, 3–6 mm. long, acute.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels (10–)15–30(–33) mm. long, slender, usually glabrous.
    Calyx
    Lateral sepals 2 (1 pair) ovate-lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, acute, 3–7 mm. long, glabrous. Lower sepal shallowly navicular,(8–)10–16 mm. long, abruptly constricted into a 28–45(–50) mm. long curved filiform spur, the tip usually slightly swollen, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Dorsal petal broadly obcordate or obovate, 11–19 mm. long, 13–25 mm. broad, flattish or slightly cupped, dorsally with a narrow crest terminating in a short acute point. Lateral united petals 18–25 mm. long, the upper and lower petals almost equal in size and shape; upper petal obovate or obovate-spathulate, 12–23 mm. long, 9–18 mm. broad, entire or slightly emarginate; lower petal obovate or obovate-spathulate, sometimes rather asymmetrical, 14–20 mm. long, 7–14 mm. broad, entire or slightly emarginate.
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruit fusiform, 15–20 mm. long, 4–6 mm. broad, glabrous.
    Figures
    Fig. 1/A, p. 2; 2/3, p. 4.
    Habitat
    In damp, often shaded, places in upland and coastal rain-forest, particularly in riverine thickets, gullies and damp rocky places; 0–2000 m.
    Distribution
    K7 P T2 T3 T6 Z
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada y naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 200 - 2800 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    [FZ]

    Balsaminaceae, E. Launert. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Juicy perennial herb, 30–50 (80) cm. high, usually branched to form a flat top; stems erect or straggling, succulent, thick, glabrous or rarely scattered-pilose, usually translucent, green or reddish, sometimes rooting at lower nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, very rarely apparently opposite, petiolate; lamina very variable in shape and size, (3) 4·5–10 (15) × (2) 2·5–5 (7·5) cm., broadly elliptic or ovate to elliptic-oblong or ovate-oblong, subsucculent, usually translucent, dark or pale green to reddish-green on both surfaces, glabrous on both surfaces or rarely scattered-pilose beneath (mainly on the nerves), apex acute, often acuminate or cuspidate, rarely obtuse, margin crenate-denticulate, often with tentacular hairs on the apex of the crenations towards the base, base usually narrowly (but sometimes broadly) cuneate or rarely rounded and usually with the lamina running down the petiole and thus forming a narrow wing; secondary nerves 7–12 pairs, not very prominent beneath; petiole (1) 2–4·5 (6·5) cm. long, succulent, usually glabrous.
    Flowers
    Flowers in few-flowered axillary and/or terminal racemes, rarely apparently 1-flowered by reduction (but then the “pedicel” always with a small bract about the middle), very variable in colour and size, dark carmine, wine-red, pink, orange, violet, rarely white; bracts up to 6 mm. long, lanceolate-triangular, acute; pedicel 1–2·5 (3) cm. long, slender, succulent, usually glabrous.
    Calyx
    Lateral sepals (3) 4–7 × 2·25–3 mm. (in cultivated specimen sometimes slightly larger), ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate-triangular, acute, glabrous (always?), green; posterior sepal relatively small, up to 1·5 cm. long, c. 0·5 cm. deep, shallowly navicular, bluntish-keeled, abruptly constricted into the spur, distally sometimes subcaudate, usually acute or subobtuse; spur up to 4 cm. long, slender, slightly curved, usually with the end somewhat thickened, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Anterior petal up to 12 mm. long, up to 18 mm. broad (when flattened), very broadly ovate or obcordate, with the apex usually retuse to emarginate, rarely acute, dorsally very narrowly cristate; lateral united petals very deeply 2-lobed (the lobes appearing nearly separate), with the lobes nearly equal in shape and size, 10–20 × 7–15 mm. (sometimes even larger), obliquely obovate, obovate-spathulate or obovate-cuneate, with the apex rounded or sub-truncate (see t. 26 fig. 25).
    Ovary
    Ovary usually glabrous.
    Fruits
    Capsule up to 18 mm. long, broadly oblique-fusiform, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, c. 1·75 × 1·5 mm., pyriform, rusty or blackish, ± densely covered with short thick hairs on papillose bases.
    [UPB]
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cameroon, Canary Is., China North-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Cook Is., Ecuador, El Salvador, Galápagos, Guatemala, Juan Fernández Is., Madeira, Malaya, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Rwanda, Réunion, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Vietnam

    Impatiens walleriana Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 1972 K000419442 Unknown type material
    Mar 1, 1972 Waller, H. [s.n.], Mozambique K000419538 Unknown type material
    Verdcourt, B. [36], Tanzania 15341.000
    Verdcourt, B. [99], Tanzania 15342.000
    Faulkner, H. [1097], Tanzania 15339.000
    Williams, R.O. [7], Tanzania 11802.000
    Williams, R.O. [8], Tanzania 21864.000
    Polhill [4621], Tanzania 38609.000
    K000419443
    K000419444
    Harris, T. [68], Mozambique K000545060
    Harris, T. [98], Mozambique K000545086
    Impatiens holstii 16014.000

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 302 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Monro, A.K., González, F., Santamaría, D., Chacón, O., Rodríguez, A., Solano, D. Zamora, N. & Correa, M. (2011). A first checklist to the vascular plants of La Amistad International Park (PILA), Costa Rica-Panama Phytotaxa 322: 1-283.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.
    • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1985). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 5: 1-476. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Grey-Wilson, C. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Balsaminaceae: 1-76.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1979). Flore des Mascareignes 64-68: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Kew Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) https://www.kew.org/science/data-and-resources/tools-and-services/medicinal-plant-names-services in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Monro, A.K., González, F., Santamaría, D., Chacón, O., Rodríguez, A., Solano, D. Zamora, N. & Correa, M. (2011). A first checklist to the vascular plants of La Amistad International Park (PILA), Costa Rica-Panama Phytotaxa 322: 1-283.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • GBIF (2008-continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.
    • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1985). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 5: 1-476. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1979). Flore des Mascareignes 64-68: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Grey-Wilson in Impat. Afr.: 81, figs. 20b, 21, 22, pls. 3–4 (1980).
    • Launert in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 166, t. 26/25 (1963).
    • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot Gard. 8: 232 (1953).
    • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 305 (1949).
    • Gilg in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 43: 118 (1909).
    • Warb. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 22: 49 (1895).
    • Warb. & Reiche in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien III. 5: 392 (1895).
    • Hook. f. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 302 (1868).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0