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  1. Family: Balsaminaceae A.Rich.
    1. Genus: Impatiens Riv. ex L.
      1. Impatiens zombensis Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Malawi to Mozambique.

    [FZ]

    Balsaminaceae, E. Launert. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Shrubby perennial herb, usually much branched, 25–60 (100) cm. high; stems erect or spreading, succulent, with swollen nodes, light green tinged with red or red, pilose (mainly on younger parts), glabrous or glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, petiolate; lamina (2·5) 3·5–6 (7·5) × (2) 2·5–3·5 (4) cm., usually ovate, rarely ovate-lanceolate or ovate-oblong, apex acute and usually acuminate, margin crenulate-denticulate to serrate, base cuneate (usually broadly so) rarely rounded, membranous, mid-green or yellowish-green and shining above, paler green or greyish-green below, the marginal teeth often red, usually sparsely pilose on the upper surface, glabrous on the lower one, but sometimes also pilose below (mainly on the nerves), rarely quite glabrous on both surfaces; secondary nerves 6–8 pairs; petiole 0·5–1·8 (2·5) cm. long, subcanaliculate, usually pilose, rarely glabrous.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, usually solitary, rarely in pairs or fascicles of three, pinkish, lilac, pink-magenta, or purplish; bracts up to 3·5 mm. long, subulate; pedicels (2) 3–6 (7) cm., slender, usually pilose, rarely glabrous, sometimes glabrescent.
    Calyx
    Lateral sepals 2·9–6 × 0·8–2 mm., lanceolate, lanceolate-triangular or rarely ovate-oblong, often acuminate, pilose (sometimes glabrescent) or glabrous. Posterior sepal c. 7·5 × 2·5–3 mm., shallowly and obliquely navicular, abruptly constricted into the spur, distally acute or subcaudate, sparsely (rarely ± densely) pilose, glabrescent or glabrous, longitudinally striped (always?); spur very variable in length, 14–32 mm. long, slender, usually sharply incurved in the upper third, slightly incurved or nearly straight in the lower part, with the end bluntish or slightly thickened, usually glabrous, rarely pilose but then soon glabrescent.
    Corolla
    Lateral united petals (10) 13–18 mm. long, deeply 2-lobed, usually glabrous, rarely shortly and sparsely hispid outside; lobes usually distinctly separated by a sinus, rarely overlapping; anterior lobe 8–13 × 4–7 mm., transversely oblique-elliptic, entire, the lower margin straight or slightly concave; posterior lobe a little smaller than the anterior one, obovate-oblong or obliquely elliptic, distally rounded, entire (see t. 26 fig. 15). Anterior petal 6–10 mm. high, 8–13 mm. broad (when flattened), dorsally cristate with the crest terminating in an acute point, somewhat pilose or glabrous.
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Capsule 0·8–1·6 cm. long, fusiform, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, c. 2·25 × 1·5 mm., obovate in outline, light or reddish-brown, densely covered with very short thick conical multicellular hairs.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique

    Other Data

    Impatiens zombensis Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1990 Cholocholo, A. [28], Malawi K000318092
    Jan 1, 1989 Chapman, J.D. [5537], Malawi K000318088
    Jan 1, 1987 Blackmore, S. [327], Malawi K000318084
    Jan 1, 1974 s.coll. [3895], Malawi K000318072
    Jan 1, 1973 Brummitt, R.K. [12346], Malawi K000318075
    Aug 25, 1972 Brummitt, R.K. [9906], Malawi K000318076
    Aug 25, 1972 Brummitt, R.K. [9211], Malawi K000318077
    Aug 25, 1972 Brummitt, R.K. [9095], Malawi K000318078
    Aug 25, 1972 Brummitt, R.K. [9095], Malawi K000318079
    Jan 1, 1908 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000318074
    Polhill, R. [1463], Tanzania 3761.000
    Brummitt, R.K. [9095], Malawi 25694.210
    Chapman, J.D. [8342], Malawi K000318089
    Chapman, J.D. [7885], Malawi K000318090
    Chapman, J.D. [7625], Malawi K000318091
    Gassner, A. [162], Malawi K000318083
    Gassner, A. [130], Malawi K000318085
    Gassner, A. [130], Malawi K000318086
    Goodier, R. [292], Malawi K000318073
    Harris, T. [548], Malawi K000614596
    Harris, T. [561], Malawi K000614638
    Harris, T. [585], Mozambique K000614176
    Timberlake, J. [5102], Mozambique K000613482
    Stewart, N.J. [16], Malawi K000318080
    Vipya, N. [4028], Malawi K000318087

    Bibliography

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1897: 247 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0