Skip to main content
  1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Anisosepalum E.Hossain

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is W. Central Tropical Africa to Uganda and Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Acanthaceae (part 1), Kaj Vollesen, Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2008

    Habit
    Perennial or shrubby herbs without cystoliths.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or in whorls, with scattered peltate subsessile orange glands beneath.
    Flowers
    Flowers one per bract, alternate, in terminal lax or dense racemoid cymes, pedicellate; bracts fused to the pedicel, persistent, 3-veined from base; bracteoles similar to the larger sepals, inserted on base of calyx and covering the lateral sepals.
    Calyx
    Calyx deeply divided into 5 unequal sepals, two lateral small, hyaline, 1-veined, dorsal and two ventral herbaceous, 3-veined.
    Corolla
    Corolla 2-lipped; tube linear, broadening gradually upwards or abruptly campanulate; upper lip flat or ± hooded, entire or emarginate, lower deeply 3-lobed with two narrow lateral lobes and broad rounded central lobe with 2–4 bosses at base.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, didynamous, inserted deep in the tube, included or shortly exserted; filaments linear; anthers 2-thecous, thecae elliptic, with small apiculus at base, divergent, inserted at same height on a broad connective; staminode absent.
    Ovary
    Ovary 2-locular, with 6–8 ovules per locule; style linear; stigma deeply 2-lobed with 2 linear lobes, or lower lobe reduced, the upper lobe bifid.
    Fruits
    Capsule sessile, oblong-triangular, obtuse, glabrous, apical part sterile and ± recurved when mature; retinaculae papilliform, unindurated.
    Seeds
    Seed black, ovoid, flattened, rugose, with a hilar excavation.
    Distribution
    Range: 3 species in Central Tropical Africa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Accepted Species

    Other Data

    Anisosepalum E.Hossain appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 31: 377 (1972)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • B.J.B.B. 61: 127 (1991)
    • Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 31: 377 (1972)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0