1. Family: Solanaceae Juss.
    1. Brugmansia Pers.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. America.

    [FTEA]

    Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

    Habit
    Small trees or shrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, glabrous to pubescent, hairs eglandular
    Flowers
    Flowers usually solitary, occasionally in short monochasial cymes, pendulous or nodding, usually fragrant, opening diurnally and remaining open during anthesis; pedicels elongating during fruiting
    Calyx
    Calyx elongate and tubular, usually enclosing the lower half of the corolla, often zygomorphic, five-dentate or spatulate through splitting irregularly on one side, not circumscissile, often persistent
    Corolla
    Corolla tubular below becoming funnel- or trumpet-shaped above; tube long and slender, the lobes fused almost to the apex where the margins 5–10-toothed with the lobes often recurved, each with three prominent veins and the teeth cuspidate or caudate
    Stamens
    Stamens usually inserted mid-way on corolla tube and alternating with lobes, included; filaments glabrous above, villous from point of adnation where broadest, tapering towards base and anthers, becoming pilose below; anthers linear, basifixed, villous, free or connivent
    Ovary
    Ovary superior, glabrous, bilocular; style long, filiform, usually exserted beyond anthers but included; stigma ovoid to ellipsoid, clasping the apical part of style and appearing bilobed in profile
    Fruits
    Fruit a large, smooth berry, indehiscent, usually enclosed by calyx remnants; fruiting pedicels elongated
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, large often triangular, irregular or subreniform, with a thick (suberose) corky testa; caruncle absent.
    Note
    As they contain tropane alkaloids, Brugmansias are widely used for their potent psychotic and medicinal properties in South America. They have often been included as a section of the genus Datura L., but most authors now consider Brugmansia to be generically distinct ( cf. Lockwood, 1973; Persson et al., 1999). The plants are commonly known as Floripondios or Tree Daturas in the Americas, as Angel’s Trumpets in Europe and as Moonflowers in Africa. Fruits are rare in Africa; the plants are self-incompatible and pollinated by hummingbirds or moths in their native habitat. A genus in which 5 to 14 species have been variously described, though recent work suggests that the true number lies between six ( cf. Hunziker, 2001) and eight ( cf. Persson et al., 1999). They are all native to disturbed habitats in Andean South America but have been widely planted as ornamentals and hedging plants in many tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Some of the species are considered to be natural hybrids and there are many races and cultivars. Indeed, although the group originated in north-west South America, some authors now consider that the species no longer occur in the wild and should all be considered as cultigens (eg: Bristol, Bot. Mus., Leafl.: 229–248 (1966)).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Chile North, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Ascension, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Borneo, Cameroon, Chatham Is., Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Hawaii, India, Jamaica, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kenya, Kermadec Is., Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Réunion, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, West Himalaya

    Brugmansia Pers. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1984 Cid Ferreira, C.A. [3109], Brazil K001073147
    Prance, G.T. [12399], Brazil K001073146

    First published in Syn. Pl. 1: 216 (1805)

    Accepted by

    • Hay, A., Gottschalk, M. & Holguín, A. (2012). Huanduj. Brugmansia: 1-424. Florilegium, Glebe, Australia.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Gen. Solanaceae: 153–156 (2001);
    • Mansfeld, Encycl. Agric. & Hort. Crops: 1847 (2001)
    • Solanaceae IV: 171–187 (1999);
    • Bot. Mus. Leaflet 23(6): 273–281 (1973);
    • Bot. Mus. Leafl. 17(1): 2 (1955)
    • Syn. Pl. 1: 216 (1805);

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0