1. Family: Ephedraceae Dumort.
    1. Genus: Ephedra Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ephedra distachya L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Central Asia.

    [EDGE]

    Forest, F. et al. 2018. Gymnosperms on the EDGE. Scientific Reports 8: 6053. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24365-4.

    Conservation
    Ephedra distachya is rated as Least Concerned (LC) according to IUCN Red List criteria and has received a EDGE score of -8.55, which places it in position 1040 on the EDGE Gymnosperm list. It has a Evolutionary Distinctiveness of 3.89, ranked 981. More information on the EDGE Gymnosperm project here https://www.edgeofexistence.org.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Altay, Austria, Bulgaria, Corse, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Kazakhstan, Krym, North Caucasus, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, West Siberia, Yugoslavia

    Ephedra distachya L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 2002 Seregin, A. [2], Russian Federation K000459307
    Aug 25, 2000 Boissier, E. [s.n.], Spain K000455979
    Mar 31, 1999 Bourgeau, E. [1672], Spain K000455918
    Jan 30, 1992 Davis [43570], Turkey K000459233
    Jan 30, 1992 Stainton [6119], Turkey K000459234
    Jan 30, 1992 McNeill [327], Turkey K000459232
    Jan 30, 1992 Huter, R. [347], Italy K000455970
    Jul 12, 1984 Naomi F. Miller [987], Turkey K000459235
    Sep 6, 1953 Vihodzevssky, N. [209], Bulgaria K000455897
    Jun 23, 1951 Kolakovsky, A. [3651], USSR K000455951
    May 23, 1951 Gruzdeva, M. [s.n.], USSR K000455950
    Aug 27, 1939 Jovet, P. [s.n.], France K000455881
    Jun 5, 1938 s.coll. [s.n.], USSR K000455952
    Oct 1, 1936 Cretzoiu, P. [s.n.], Romania K000455880
    Sep 2, 1934 Anderson, E. [72], Romania K000455878
    Aug 1, 1934 Cretzoiu, P. [s.n.], Romania K000455877
    Aug 14, 1931 Enculescu, P. [213], Romania K000455879
    May 29, 1929 Cretzoiu, P. [s.n.], Romania K000455875
    May 7, 1921 Prodan, I. [213], Romania K000455874
    Apr 28, 1921 Stefanoff, D. [s.n.], Bulgaria K000455895
    Feb 23, 1921 Jávorka, S. [s.n.], Hungary K000455862
    Jun 2, 1918 Degen, A. de [s.n.], Hungary K000455866
    May 22, 1917 Györffy, I. [736], Romania K000455876
    May 25, 1916 Filarszky, F. [736.1], Hungary K000455871
    Jul 6, 1915 Filarszky, F. [46], Hungary K000455861
    Jul 1, 1912 Laus-Olmütz, Heinr [s.n.], Hungary K000455872
    May 31, 1907 Schneider, C.K. [315], Bulgaria K000455894
    Jan 1, 1896 Kulikowski, E. [698], Ukraine K000459236
    Jun 8, 1889 Baldacci, A. [s.n.], Bulgaria K000455893
    Jun 18, 1881 Pin, C. [s.n.], France K000455882
    May 18, 1881 Pin, C. [s.n.], France K000455891
    Jun 19, 1879 Tauscher, J.A. [3047], Hungary K000455860
    Jun 3, 1878 Prie [s.n.], France K000455883
    May 22, 1868 Gaudefroy, E. [s.n.], France K000455886
    Jul 3, 1853 Laguesse [s.n.], France K000455884
    Aug 1, 1850 Willkomm, M. [507], Spain K000455890
    Sep 18, 1847 Toussaint, A. [s.n.], France K000455888
    Aug 1, 1835 s.coll. [26], France K000455889
    26926.000
    46126.000
    Brenan, J.B.M. [10018], France K000455992
    Bourgeau, E. [453], Spain K000455982
    Bourgeau, E. [1671], Spain K000455986
    Baldacci, A. [s.n.], Yugoslavia K000454997
    May [s.n.], Spain K000455980
    Pampanini, R. [122], San Marino K000455978
    Porta, P. [s.n.], Austria K000455964
    Porta, P. [s.n.], Austria K000455965
    Pichler, T. [s.n.], Yugoslavia K000456008
    Graells, M.P. [s.n.], Spain K000455985
    Clarke, C.B. [48080], Switzerland K000454925
    Müller [s.n.], Sardegna K000455962
    Müller [s.n.], Spain K000455987
    Filarszky, F. [2288], Hungary K000455856
    Filarszky, F. [2288], Hungary K000455857
    Rostan, E. [s.n.], Sardegna K000455976
    Grabmayr, V. [s.n.], Austria K000455960
    Grabmayr, V. [s.n.], Austria K000455968
    Daenen [124], Switzerland K000454936
    Butler, T. [s.n.] K000455991
    Roux, H. [s.n.], France K000454921
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000454920
    s.coll. [s.n.], France K000454922
    s.coll. [s.n.], France K000454923
    s.coll. [s.n.], Yugoslavia K000454985
    s.coll. [357], Yugoslavia K000454988
    s.coll. [s.n.], Hungary K000455869
    s.coll. [s.n.], Switzerland K000455949
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000455969
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000455977
    s.coll. [s.n.], Yugoslavia K000455989
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000455995
    s.coll. [s.n.], France K000456000
    s.coll. [s.n.], Yugoslavia K000456012
    s.coll. [3369], France K000455998
    Brügger [s.n.], Switzerland K000454927
    Thomas de Bex, J.L. [s.n.], Switzerland K000454928
    Prost, T.C. (M?) [s.n.], France K000454967
    Wettstein, R. [2288], Hungary K000455858
    Davidoff, B. [3], Bulgaria K000455896
    Reverchon, Elisée [71], Sardegna K000455972
    Reverchon, Elisée [71], Sardegna K000455973
    Reverchon, Elisée [467], Spain K000455981
    Fiori, Adr. [2609], Sardegna K000455974
    Kulikowski, E. [698], Russian Federation K000455953
    Sardagna, M. [s.n.], Austria K000455961
    Ambrosi, F.r. [s.n.], Austria K000455966
    Facchini, F. [2325], Austria K000455967
    Wyatt, C. [36], France K000455971
    Titchener, T. [s.n.], Sardegna K000455975
    Petter, Franz [s.n.], Yugoslavia K000455988
    Bentham, George [s.n.], France K000455996
    Sitwell, A. [s.n.], France K000455997
    Ayraud [s.n.], France K000455999

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 1040 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Sources

    EDGE Gymnosperms
    EDGE of Existence (Gymnosperms)
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/