1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Alopecurus L.
      1. Alopecurus apiatus Ovcz.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Iraq to Central Asia and Afghanistan.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes elongated. Culms erect; 30-60 cm long. Culm-internodes glaucous. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-1.5 mm long. Leaf-blades 7-15 cm long; 2-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath. Panicle spiciform; linear; 1.5-4 cm long; 0.8-1.1 cm wide. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with evident branchlets on axis. Panicle axis with rounded ribs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 4.5-5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 4.5-5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes connate along margins below; 0.2-0.25 of their length connate; similar; reaching apex of florets; recurved at apex. Lower glume lanceolate; 4.5-5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume surface pilose. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 4.5-5 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume surface pilose. Upper glume apex acute; muticous.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 4.5-5 mm long; membranous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma surface puberulous; hairy above. Lemma margins connate below. Lemma apex truncate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.25 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 8-9 mm long overall; clearly exserted from spikelet; with twisted column.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3. Stigmas terminally exserted; pubescent. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a spikelet.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia and western Asia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Iran 1993.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Kirgizstan, Tadzhikistan

    Alopecurus apiatus Ovcz. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in V.L.Komarov (ed.), Fl. URSS 2: 744 (1934)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
    • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
    • Roshevitz, R.J. & al. (eds.) (1950). Flora Kirgizskoi SSR 2: 1-315. Frunze : Izd-vo KirgizFAN SSSR.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0