1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Alopecurus L.
      1. Alopecurus aucheri Boiss.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Turkey to Iran.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated. Butt sheaths glabrous; persistent and investing base of culm; with reticulate dead sheaths. Culms erect; 20-60 cm long. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2 mm long; obtuse. Leaf-blades 3-15 cm long; 2-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath. Panicle spiciform; elliptic, or oblong; 1.3-2.5 cm long; 1-1.5 cm wide. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with evident branchlets on axis. Panicle axis with rounded ribs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4.5-5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4.5-5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes connate along margins below; 0.1 of their length connate; similar; exceeding apex of florets. Lower glume lanceolate; 4.5-5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume surface pilose. Lower glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 1-2 mm long. Upper glume lanceolate; 4.5-5 mm long; 1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume surface pilose. Upper glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 1-2 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 3-4 mm long; membranous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma margins connate below. Lemma apex erose; truncate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.33 way up back of lemma; straight, or geniculate; 6.5-10 mm long overall; clearly exserted from spikelet; without a column, or with twisted column. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 1.8-2.7 mm long. Stigmas terminally exserted; pubescent. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a spikelet.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Caucasus and western Asia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Turk 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Iran, Transcaucasus, Turkey

    Alopecurus aucheri Boiss. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mitchell [s.n.], Turkey K000913452
    Aucher-Eloy, P.M.R. [5457], Iran K000913450
    Aucher-Eloy, P.M.R. [3059], Turkey K000913451

    First published in Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 41 (1854)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0