1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Alopecurus L.
      1. Alopecurus brachystachyus M.Bieb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Siberia to N. China.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated. Culms erect; 30-80 cm long. Leaf-sheaths smooth. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1.5-2 mm long; truncate, or obtuse. Leaf-blades 5-10 cm long; 4-8 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath. Panicle spiciform; oblong; 2-3.5 cm long; 1 cm wide. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with evident branchlets on axis. Panicle axis with rounded ribs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 4-5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 4-5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes connate along margins below; 0.33 of their length connate; similar; reaching apex of florets; recurved at apex. Lower glume elliptic; 4-5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; cartilaginous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume hairs 0.2 mm long. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 4-5 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; cartilaginous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 4-5 mm long; membranous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma margins connate below. Lemma apex truncate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.25 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 10-12 mm long overall; clearly exserted from spikelet; with twisted column. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3. Stigmas terminally exserted; pubescent. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a spikelet.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet far east, China, and Mongolia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl RSSR 1996.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Altay, Amur, Buryatiya, China North-Central, Chita, Inner Mongolia, Irkutsk, Khabarovsk, Krasnoyarsk, Manchuria, Mongolia, Qinghai, Yakutskiya

    Introduced into:

    Primorye

    Alopecurus brachystachyus M.Bieb. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fl. Taur.-Caucas., Suppl.: 56 (1819)

    Accepted by

    • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0