1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Alopecurus L.
      1. Alopecurus bulbosus Gouan

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Coasts of W. Europe and Medit.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 15-50 cm long; swollen at the base; forming an ovoid corm. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-6 mm long. Leaf-blades flat, or convolute; 1.5-12 cm long; 1-3.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear; 1.5-7 cm long; 0.3-0.5 cm wide. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with evident branchlets on axis, or with lateral stumps on axis. Panicle axis with rounded ribs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes connate along margins below; 0.33-0.5 of their length connate; similar; exceeding apex of florets. Lower glume oblong; 3-4 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliolate. Lower glume surface pubescent; hairy below. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 3-4 mm long; 1.2-1.3 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliolate. Upper glume surface pubescent; hairy below. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2.5-3.5 mm long; membranous; keeled; 4 -veined. Lemma margins connate below. Lemma apex truncate; pubescent; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.1-0.2 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 5-7 mm long overall; clearly exserted from spikelet; with a straight or slightly twisted column. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 2 mm long. Stigmas protogynous; terminally exserted; pubescent. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 1.6 mm long. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a spikelet.
    Distribution
    Europe: northern, central, southwestern, and southeastern. Africa: north. Asia-temperate: western Asia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. CEH.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Belgium, Corse, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Morocco, Netherlands, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Yugoslavia

    Alopecurus bulbosus Gouan appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Hortus Monsp.: 37 (1762)

    Accepted by

    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0