1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Alopecurus L.
      1. Alopecurus creticus Trin.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Balkan Peninsula, Kriti, NW. Turkey.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms geniculately ascending; 7-22 cm long; 2-3 -noded; rooting from lower nodes. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Lateral branches sparse. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-3 mm long; obtuse. Leaf-blades 1-7 cm long; 1-3.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; subtended by an unspecialized leaf-sheath, or an inflated leaf-sheath. Panicle spiciform; linear; 2-3.5 cm long; 0.4-0.5 cm wide. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with evident branchlets on axis. Panicle axis with rounded ribs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes connate along margins below; 0.5-0.8 of their length connate; similar; exceeding apex of florets; recurved at apex. Lower glume lanceolate; 3-4 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; winged on keel; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume surface pilose; hairy above. Lower glume apex obtuse; mucronate. Upper glume lanceolate; 3-4 mm long; 1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; winged on keel; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume surface pilose; hairy above. Upper glume apex obtuse; mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2.7-3.5 mm long; membranous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma margins connate below; with 0.5-0.66 of their length connate. Lemma apex truncate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.5 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 3-6 mm long overall; with twisted column. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 1.2-2.5 mm long. Stigmas terminally exserted; pubescent. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a spikelet.
    Distribution
    Europe: southeastern. Asia-temperate: western Asia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Turk 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bulgaria, Greece, Kriti, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Pennsylvania

    Alopecurus creticus Trin. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sieber, F.W. [s.n.], Kriti K000913460
    Kozuharov, S. [s.n.], Bulgaria K000913461 syntype

    First published in Neue Entdeck. Pflanzenk. 2: 45 (1820)

    Accepted by

    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0