1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Alopecurus L.
      1. Alopecurus dasyanthus Trautv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Caucasus to Iran.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths scarious; persistent and investing base of culm; with compacted dead sheaths. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 15-30 cm long. Leaf-sheaths smooth; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1 mm long. Leaf-blades filiform; conduplicate, or involute; 5-10 cm long; 2-3 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform, or capitate; elliptic, or globose; 1-1.7 cm long; 1-1.2 cm wide. Panicle axis with rounded ribs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3-4.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3-4.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes connate along margins below; similar; reaching apex of florets; recurved at apex. Lower glume lanceolate; 3-4.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume margins ciliate. Lower glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 1-1.5 mm long. Upper glume lanceolate; 3-4.5 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 1-1.5 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 3-4.5 mm long; membranous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma apex obtuse; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.25 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 9 mm long overall; clearly exserted from spikelet; with twisted column. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3. Stigmas protogynous; terminally exserted; pubescent. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a spikelet.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Caucasus and western Asia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Iran 1995.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Iran, North Caucasus, Transcaucasus

    Alopecurus dasyanthus Trautv. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 486 (1877)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0