1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Alopecurus L.
      1. Alopecurus gerardii (All.) Vill.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Medit.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 7-40 cm long; 2 -noded. Culm-internodes smooth; distally glabrous. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-2 mm long; truncate. Leaf-blades 1-7 cm long; 1-4.2 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath. Panicle spiciform; ovate; 1-2 cm long; 0.7-1 cm wide. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with evident branchlets on axis. Panicle axis with rounded ribs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4-6.3 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4-6.3 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes connate along margins below; 0.1 of their length connate; similar; exceeding apex of florets; recurved at apex. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-6.3 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume surface pilose. Lower glume apex acute; mucronate, or awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 0.5-1.5 mm long. Upper glume lanceolate; 4-6.3 mm long; 1.3-1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume surface pilose. Upper glume mucronate, or awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 0.5-1.5 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 3-4 mm long; membranous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma surface with conspicuous apical hairs. Lemma margins free. Lemma apex truncate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.33-0.5 way up back of lemma; straight; 0.8-6 mm long overall; not or scarcely exserted from spikelet. Palea linear; 2.5-3.5 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of lemma; 1 -veined; 1-keeled. Palea keels ciliate; adorned above; with 0.5 of their length adorned. Palea apex acuminate.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 2-2.5 mm long. Stigmas terminally exserted; pubescent.
    Fruits
    Disseminule comprising a spikelet.
    Distribution
    Europe: southwestern and southeastern. Asia-temperate: western Asia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Turk 2007.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Bulgaria, France, Greece, Italy, Lebanon-Syria, Spain, Turkey, Yugoslavia

    Alopecurus gerardii (All.) Vill. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fl. Delphinalis: 5 (1786)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Mouterde, P. (1966). Nouvelle Flore du Liban et de la Syrie 1(Texte): 1-563. Éditions de l'imprimerie Catholique, Beyrouth.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0