1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Alopecurus L.
      1. Alopecurus glacialis K.Koch

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Turkey to Afghanistan.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths glabrous. Culms erect; 35-70 cm long; 2 -noded. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-1.5 mm long; obtuse. Leaf-blades 2-15 cm long; 1-2.7 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; rough adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath. Panicle spiciform; oblong, or ovate; 0.9-2.5 cm long; 0.6-0.9 cm wide. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with evident branchlets on axis. Panicle axis with rounded ribs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3.5-5.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3.5-5.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes connate along margins below; 0.1 of their length connate; similar; exceeding apex of florets; recurved at apex. Lower glume lanceolate; 3.5-5.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; purple; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume surface pilose. Lower glume apex setaceously attenuate; mucronate. Upper glume lanceolate; 3.5-5.5 mm long; 1.1-1.3 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; purple; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume surface pilose. Upper glume apex setaceously attenuate; mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 3-4 mm long; membranous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma margins connate below. Lemma apex erose; truncate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.33-0.5 way up back of lemma; straight, or geniculate; 3-4.4 mm long overall; not or scarcely exserted from spikelet; without a column, or with twisted column. Palea present, or absent or minute; linear; 2-2.6 mm long; 0.6-0.7 length of lemma; 1 -veined; 1-keeled.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 2-3.5 mm long. Stigmas terminally exserted; pubescent. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a spikelet.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Caucasus and western Asia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Turk 1993.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Iran, North Caucasus, Transcaucasus, Turkey

    Alopecurus glacialis K.Koch appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Linnaea 21: 382 (1848)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0