1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Alopecurus L.
      1. Alopecurus himalaicus Hook.f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bulgaria to NW. China and W. Himalaya.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; 30-80 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-3 mm long; obtuse. Leaf-blades 5-12 cm long; 3-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath. Panicle spiciform; elliptic, or ovate; 1.5-3.2 cm long; 0.8-1.2 cm wide. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with evident branchlets on axis. Panicle axis with rounded ribs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 3-5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 3-5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes connate along margins below; 0.1 of their length connate; similar; exceeding apex of florets; parallel to lemmas, or recurved at apex. Lower glume lanceolate; 3-5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume surface villous. Lower glume hairs 2-3 mm long. Lower glume apex acute to setaceously attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 3-5 mm long; 1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume surface villous. Upper glume hairs 2-3 mm long. Upper glume apex acute to setaceously attenuate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2.7-4.5 mm long; membranous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma margins connate below; with 0.33-0.5 of their length connate; eciliate, or ciliate; hairy above. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.1 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 9.5 mm long overall; clearly exserted from spikelet; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn 4.5 mm long.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 2-3 mm long. Stigmas terminally exserted; pubescent. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a spikelet.
    Distribution
    Europe: southeastern. Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia, western Asia, and China. Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Pak 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Bulgaria, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Pakistan, Tadzhikistan, West Himalaya, Xinjiang

    Alopecurus himalaicus Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 8, 1994 Stewart, R.R. [22269], India K000458239
    Dec 8, 1994 Stewart, R.R. [8147], India K000458240
    Jul 6, 1992 Atkinson, W.T. [24205], India K000458242
    Jan 1, 1980 Duthie, J.F. [11875], India K000458247
    Jan 1, 1980 Winterbottom, J.E. [646], India K000458243
    Jan 13, 1908 Schneider, C.K. [822], Bulgaria K000458236
    Turrill, W.B. [785], Bulgaria K000458235
    Turrill, W.B. [715], Bulgaria K000458237
    Turrill, W.B. [1248], Bulgaria K000458238
    Duthie, J.F. [13910], India K000458244
    Duthie, J.F. [11875], India K000458245
    Duthie, J.F. [13506], India K000458246
    Duthie, J.F. [13910], India K000458251
    Duthie, J.F. [13506], India K000458253
    Duthie, J.F. [11875], India K000458254 Unknown type material
    Duthie, J.F. [s.n.], India K000458255
    Duthie, J.F. [13506], India K000458257
    Duthie, J.F. [s.n.], India K000458259
    Clarke, C.B. [29844], Jammu-Kashmir K000032392 Unknown type material
    Stewart, R.R. [9847], India K000458249
    Stewart, R.R. [21995], India K000458250
    Wendelbo, P. [s.n.], Pakistan K000458260
    Levinge, H.C. [27462], Jammu-Kashmir K000032390 Unknown type material
    Clarke, C.B. [29693], India K000458248
    Falconer, H. [s.n.], India K000032389 Unknown type material
    Falconer, H. [s.n.], India K000032391 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [158], India K000458252
    Grace, M. [190], India K000458241
    Alkinson, W.S. [24205], India K000458256
    Metz, M.C. [190], India K000458258

    First published in Fl. Brit. India 7: 238 (1896)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
    • Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1956). Flora Kazakhstana 1: 1-354. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0