1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Alopecurus L.
      1. Alopecurus laguroides Balansa

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. & E. Turkey to Caucasus.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Rhizomes short. Butt sheaths glabrous. Culms erect; 5-20 cm long; 1-2 -noded. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.3-1 mm long; erose; truncate. Leaf-blades flat, or convolute; 1-8 cm long; 0.5-2.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins smooth, or scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex obtuse to acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; subtended by an unspecialized leaf-sheath, or an inflated leaf-sheath. Panicle capitate; elliptic, or ovate; 0.8-2 cm long; 0.8-1.4 cm wide. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with evident branchlets on axis. Panicle axis with rounded ribs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3.5-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3.5-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes free, or connate along margins below; 0-0.1 of their length connate; similar; exceeding apex of florets. Lower glume linear; 3.5-4 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume surface villous. Lower glume apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 0.8-2 mm long; ciliate. Upper glume linear; 3.5-4 mm long; 1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume surface villous. Upper glume apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 0.8-2 mm long; ciliate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2.4-3 mm long; membranous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy above. Lemma margins connate below. Lemma apex obtuse; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.1-0.25 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 7-9 mm long overall; with twisted column. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 1-1.4 mm long; yellow, or purple. Stigmas terminally exserted; pubescent. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a spikelet.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: western Asia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Turk 1993.

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Iran

    Native to:

    North Caucasus, Transcaucasus, Turkey

    Alopecurus laguroides Balansa appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 21: 11 (1874)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0