1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Alopecurus L.
      1. Alopecurus lanatus Sm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NW. & S. Turkey.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rootstock evident. Butt sheaths pubescent. Culms erect; 3.5-30 cm long; 1 -noded. Culm-internodes distally pubescent. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1.5-2.5 mm long; acute. Leaf-blades convolute; 1.5-5 cm long; 2-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; densely hairy; hairy on both sides. Leaf-blade apex obtuse; simple, or apiculate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath. Panicle capitate; ovate, or globose; 0.8-1.5 cm long; 0.8-1.5 cm wide. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with evident branchlets on axis. Panicle axis with rounded ribs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3.5-5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3.5-5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes connate along margins below; 0.1 of their length connate; similar; exceeding apex of florets. Lower glume lanceolate; 3.5-5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume surface hispid. Lower glume apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 1-1.5 mm long. Upper glume lanceolate; 3.5-5 mm long; 1.3-1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume surface hispid. Upper glume apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 1-1.5 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2.4-3.5 mm long; membranous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma surface pilose; hairy above. Lemma margins connate below; with 0.1 of their length connate. Lemma apex truncate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.15-0.2 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 6.5-11 mm long overall; with twisted column. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 1.8-2.7 mm long. Stigmas terminally exserted; pubescent. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a spikelet.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: western Asia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Turk 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Alopecurus lanatus Sm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sibthorp [s.n.], Turkey K000913453 Unknown type material

    First published in J.Sibthorp & J.E.Smith, Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 43 (1806)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0