1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Alopecurus L.
      1. Alopecurus longiaristatus Maxim.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Russian Far East to China (Heilongjiang).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms geniculately ascending; 15-35 cm long. Leaf-sheaths loose; smooth. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 3-4 mm long; acute. Leaf-blades 3-10 cm long; 1-2 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle spiciform; linear; 4-7 cm long; 0.3-0.5 cm wide. Panicle axis with rounded ribs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 2.5-3 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 2.5-3 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes connate along margins below; 0.33-0.5 of their length connate; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblong; 2.5-3 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; much thinner on margins; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 2.5-3 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; with hyaline margins; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 2.5-3 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.25-0.33 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 5-9 mm long overall; clearly exserted from spikelet; with twisted column. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 0.5-0.7 mm long. Stigmas protogynous; terminally exserted; pubescent. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a spikelet.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Soviet far east and China.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl USSR 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Khabarovsk, Manchuria, Primorye

    Alopecurus longiaristatus Maxim. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Maximowicz, C.J. [s.n.], Amur K000913556

    First published in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 9: 327 (1859)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0