1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Alopecurus L.
      1. Alopecurus mucronatus Hack.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Iran, Afghanistan, Tadzhikistan (Pamir Mountains).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated. Butt sheaths glabrous. Culms erect; 7-14 cm long. Leaves mostly basal. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-3 mm long. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; 6-10 cm long; 4 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform, or capitate; oblong, or ovate; 1.5-2 cm long; 1 cm wide. Panicle axis with rounded ribs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong, or ovate; laterally compressed; 4 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong, or ovate; laterally compressed; 4 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; exceeding apex of florets; recurved at apex. Lower glume oblong; 4 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume surface pilose. Lower glume apex acuminate; mucronate. Upper glume oblong; 4 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume surface pilose. Upper glume apex acuminate; mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 4 mm long; membranous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma apex truncate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.33 way up back of lemma; 4 mm long overall. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3. Stigmas protogynous; terminally exserted; pubescent. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a spikelet.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia and western Asia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Iran 1995.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Iran, Tadzhikistan

    Alopecurus mucronatus Hack. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 55: 162 (1903)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0