1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Alopecurus L.
      1. Alopecurus nepalensis Trin. ex Steud.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NW. Pakistan to Central Asia and Nepal.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; (5-)15-45 cm long. Leaf-sheaths inflated (slightly). Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-3 mm long; obtuse. Leaf-blades 4-9 cm long; 2.5-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear; tapering above; 1-5 cm long; 0.3-0.5 cm wide. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with evident branchlets on axis. Panicle axis with rounded ribs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 3-3.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 3-3.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes connate along margins below; similar; reaching apex of florets. Lower glume oblong; 3-3.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; winged on keel; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliolate. Lower glume surface glabrous. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume oblong; 3-3.5 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; winged on keel; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliolate. Upper glume surface glabrous. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 3-3.5 mm long; membranous; keeled; 4 -veined. Lemma margins connate below. Lemma apex obtuse, or acute; muticous (or with a basal stump). Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 0.6 mm long. Stigmas protogynous; terminally exserted; pubescent. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a spikelet.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia. Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Pak.
    Diagnostic
    Glumes connate for 0.25-0.33 of their length.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Nepal, Pakistan, Tadzhikistan, Turkmenistan, West Himalaya

    Alopecurus nepalensis Trin. ex Steud. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wallich, N. [3780], Nepal K000032393 isotype

    First published in Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 148 (1854)

    Accepted by

    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
    • Fedtschenko, B.A. & al. (1932). Flora Turkmenii 1: 1-340. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0