1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Alopecurus L.
      1. Alopecurus ponticus K.Koch

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Caucasus.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped loosely. Rhizomes elongated. Butt sheaths light brown; pubescent; persistent and investing base of culm. Culms 20-70 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-1.5 mm long; obtuse. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; 10-15 cm long; 3-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear, or oblong; 1-3 cm long; 0.6-1 cm wide. Panicle axis with rounded ribs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 5-5.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 5-5.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes connate along margins below; 0.9 of their length connate; similar; exceeding apex of florets; recurved at apex. Lower glume oblong; 5-5.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume margins eciliate, or ciliate. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume oblong; 5-5.5 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume margins eciliate, or ciliate. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 4.5-5 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma apex attenuate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.5 way up back of lemma; curved; 2.5 mm long overall; not or scarcely exserted from spikelet. Palea 2-2.5 mm long; 0.5 length of lemma; 1 -veined.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3. Stigmas protogynous; terminally exserted; pubescent. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a spikelet.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Caucasus and western Asia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl USSR 1995.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    North Caucasus, Transcaucasus

    Alopecurus ponticus K.Koch appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Linnaea 21: 382 (1848)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0