1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Alopecurus L.
      1. Alopecurus rendlei Eig

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & S. Europe to NW. Turkey, N. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose; clumped loosely. Rhizomes short. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 8-40 cm long; 3-4 -noded. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-3 mm long; obtuse. Leaf-blades 0.7-16 cm long; 1-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; rough adaxially. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath. Panicle spiciform; oblong, or ovate; tapering above; 1.1-3.2 cm long; 0.9-1.1 cm wide. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with evident branchlets on axis. Panicle axis with rounded ribs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5-8 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5-8 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes connate along margins below; 0.33-0.5 of their length connate; similar; reaching apex of florets. Lower glume lanceolate; gibbous; 5-8 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume apex cuspidate. Upper glume lanceolate; gibbous; 5-8 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume apex cuspidate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 5-8 mm long; membranous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma margins connate below; with 0.5 of their length connate. Lemma apex obtuse, or acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.1 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 7-18 mm long overall; with twisted column. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 3.4-4.9 mm long. Stigmas terminally exserted; pubescent. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a spikelet.
    Distribution
    Europe: central, southwestern, and southeastern. Asia-temperate: western Asia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Turk 1993.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Belgium, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Libya, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Austria, Corse, Pennsylvania

    Alopecurus rendlei Eig appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in J. Bot. 75: 187 (1937)

    Accepted by

    • Barina, Z., Pifkó, D. & Rakaj, M. (2015). Contributions to the flora of Albania, 5 Studia Botanica Hungarica 46: 119-140.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Engelmaier, P. & Wilhalm, T. (2018). Alien grasses (Poaceae) in the flora of the Eastern Alps Neilreichia 9: 177-245.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0